Health Profession and Education-A bridge to quality.pdf

While many still rely primarily on continuing

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While many still rely primarily on continuing education, more and more of these organizations are moving toward other methods of demonstrating continuing competence. In a recent survey of certification bodies from diverse health professions, it was found that 95 percent of the 44 respondents required that their practicing members periodically demonstrate their competency. On average, 86 percent of these organizations offered two or more methods for doing so, including taking approved continuing education courses, retaking the initial certifying exam, and participating in an onsite practice review (Swankin, 2002). Of the professions reviewed for this report, most but not all mandate periodic recertification, usually by requiring certificate holders to retake the initial certification exam or take a certain number of hours of continuing education, or both (American Board of Medical Specialties, 2000; American Osteopathic Association, 2002b; Commission for Certification in Geriatric Pharmacy, 2002; National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants, 2002; National Institute for Standards in Pharmacist Credentialing, 2002; Yoder-Wise, 2002). Apart from continuing education and exams, certain pharmacy specialties and occupational therapy offer various paths for recertification, including peer review, self-evaluation, and portfolio review (Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties, 2002; Swankin, 2002). Box 5-4 describes a Canadian model for maintenance of certification. Organizational Accreditation This report does not focus directly on organizational accreditors, which accredit practice institutions and health plans. Nonetheless, the committee believes these organizations play an increasing role in ensuring the continued competence of practicing professionals and thus warrant mention. Increasingly, organizational accreditors are, directly or indirectly, specifying educational requirements for individual health professionals. The largest institutional accreditor, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), which evaluates and accredits more than 17,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States, requires all accredited organizations to
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H EALTH P ROFESSIONS E DUCATION 110 assess, prove, track, and improve the competence of all their employees. JCAHO competency standards include the provision of ongoing in-service and other education and training to maintain and improve staff competence, regular collection of data on competence patterns and trends, and identification of and response to staff learning needs (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, 2000). The National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) (2002), which accredits managed care organizations, requires accredited organizations to credential the professionals whom they employ or who practice under their auspices.
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  • Fall '17
  • Betty Brown
  • Nursing

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