•Next, press your hands firmly on your hips and bend slightly toward the mirror as you pull your shoulders and elbows forwardBreast Self Exam•Raise one arm–Use the pads of the fingers of your other hand to check the breast and the surrounding area firmly, carefully, and thoroughly •Feel for any unusual lump or mass under the skin•Feel the tissue by pressing your fingers in small, overlapping areas about the size of a dime•Be sure you cover your whole breast–Take your time–Follow a definite pattern: lines, circles, or wedgesBreast Self Exam•Lines:–Start in the underarm area and move your fingers downward little by little until they are below the breast–Then move your fingers slightly toward the middle and slowly move back up. Go up and down until you cover the whole area
11/30/20103Breast Self Exam•Repeat step 4 while you are lying down–Lie flat on your back, with one arm over your head and a pillow or folded towel under the opposite shoulder–This position flattens the breast and makes it easier to check–Check each breast and the area around it very carefully using one of the patternsBreast Self Exam•Contact your physician as soon as possible if:•You notice–Lump–Discharge–Any other change during the month–Even if it is not during BSE•Inflammatory Breast Cancer&feature=relatedImages of IBCRisk Factors – Breast Cancer•Gender Gender - being a woman is the main risk factor for developing breast cancer. Although women have many more breast cells than men, the main reason they develop more breast cancer is because their breast cells are constantly exposed to the growth-promoting effects of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Men can develop breast cancer, but this disease is about 100 times more common among women than men.•Aging Aging - risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. About 1 out of 8 invasive breast cancers are found in women younger than 45, while about 2 out of 3 invasive breast cancers are found in women age 55 or older. •Genetic risk Genetic risk factors factors factors - About 5% to 10% of breast cancer cases are thought to be hereditary, resulting directly from gene defects. The most common cause of hereditary breast cancer is an inherited mutation in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Risk Factors – Breast Cancer•Family history of breast Family history of breast cancer cancer cancer - Having one first-degree relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with breast cancer approximately doubles a woman's risk. Having 2 first-degree relatives increases her risk about 3-fold. •Personal history of breast cancer Personal history of breast cancer - A woman with cancer in one breast has a 3- to 4-fold increased risk of developing a new cancer in the other breast or in another part of the same breast. This is different from a recurrence (return) of the first cancer.