These traits interfere with social relationships and job performance The most

These traits interfere with social relationships and

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Behaves in extreme, inflexible ways that cause distress (to self or others). These traits interfere with social relationships and job performance. The most common class of personality disorders: Antisocial Personality Disorders (psychopaths and sociopaths) How can you spot someone with an ASPD? Symptoms of all Antisocial Personality Disorders Regularly breaks laws Constantly lies and deceives Prone to violence No regard for safety of others Irresponsible Harms others without remorse or guilt Often predatory sex lives Ignoring society’s norms for acceptable behavior Symptoms almost always before 15 Symptoms of psychopaths Superficial charm, high IQ and SES Not irrational; low in anxiety Responds to blood or violence with calm, and often with pleasure No genuine attachments to others No emotional empathy Extremely manipulative Talented at “reading” people See other people as pawns “Cool headed” —> plans crimes meticulously Primary cause —> brain abnormalities Symptoms of sociopaths “Hot-headed” —> easily agitated Low tolerance for frustration Emotional outbursts, volatile Others notice that he/she is disturbed Often uneducated, no steady job Crimes often haphazard, spur of moment May have limited attachments to others Unconventional, unrestrained sex life Failure to have a life plan, behavior consistently self-defeating Primary cause —> often trauma or abuse What does modify the behavior of people with Antisocial Personality Disorder? Incarceration (for some) Loss of money (for some) —> Schizophrenic disorders Symptoms of the schizophrenias Bizarre, irrational thoughts (may include disorganized speech and/or delusions) Distorted perceptions (may include hallucinations) Negative symptoms —> “flat” emotions, alogia (can’t or won’t speak), avolition (unable or unwilling to direct own activities) Severely maladaptive behavior Prevalence of schizophrenia 1% lifetime risk in general population Occurs worldwide, although rates do vary (Torrey, 2002) Risk factors include low socioeconomic status; genetic markers; etc. Ages of onset —> higher in males (younger) compared to females —> higher in females (older) compared to males Subtypes of schizophrenia Paranoia
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