REF p 96 97 OBJ 03 4 Elaborate on three reasons why investigations are often

Ref p 96 97 obj 03 4 elaborate on three reasons why

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practice of selective enforcement and use their discretion as they see fit.REF:p. 96-97OBJ:034.Elaborate on three reasons why investigations are often ineffective. What can be done to improveinvestigations?ANS: Detectives are often handicapped by limited time, money, and resources to carry out lengthy ongoing probes of any but the most serious cases. Investigations can be improved with technology such as searching criminal histories and using forensic science such as DNA analysis to clear the backlog of unsolved cases.REF:p. 104OBJ:05407
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Test Bank5.For many years, preventive patrol has been considered one of the greatest deterrents to criminal behavior. Discuss what the research from the Kansas City study tells us about the relationship between prevention patrol and crime deterrence.ANS: There is little evidence that police patrol deters crime and despite the number of patrol carson the street and their visibility to citizens it seems to have little impact on the crime rate.REF:p. 98OBJ:046.Explain the three key points to Wilson and Kelling's broken windows model. Elaborate on how the move to community policing reflects the move from a purely crime-control model to one thatencompasses elements of rehabilitation and restorative justice.ANS: Neighborhood disorder creates fearNeighborhoods give out crime-promoting signalsPolice need citizen cooperationUnder the crime control model in deteriorated neighborhoods there may be residents who are fearful, pessimistic, and despondent. Moving to a model of community policing, the police presence deters crime in a preventive manner and may encourage public confidence, strengthen feelings of safety, and elicit cooperation from citizens.REF:p. 99-100OBJ:047.Discuss the concept of community policing. How effective have these programs been in reducingcrime and improving community-law enforcement relations?ANS: Proactive policing such as foot patrol is the cornerstone of community policing. There is empirical evidence that some community policing efforts can reduce disorder and increase the perception of safety. A key element of community policing philosophy is that citizens must participate with police to fight crime. Community policing means the redesign of police departments’ administration and management to focus on the problems of the community, not on the needs of the department. Community policing works best in neighborhoods that are not already saturated with crime and disorder but rather show signs that deterioration is and will occur.REF:p. 106-108OBJ:07.8.Compare and contrast problem-oriented policing and community policing.ANS: Problem oriented policing is closely associated with, but independent from, community policing and requires police agencies to identify particular long-term community problems and todevelop strategies to eliminate them. It also requires police departments to rely on local residents408
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Chapter 14: Crime and Justice in the New Millenniumand private resources and is supported by fact that great deal of urban crime is concentrated in a
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