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Iii joint committee on reconstruction 1 was

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iii.Joint Committee on Reconstruction1.Was established by the Thirty-Ninth Congress on 13 December 1865 to investigateand report on conditions in the former Confederate states after the Civil War and topropose necessary legislation.iv.Moderate Republicans1.They preferred policies that restrained the states from abridging citizen’s rights,rather than policies that directly involved the federal government in individual lives.
b.How did the views of the Moderate Republicans about Reconstruction differ from the views of theRadical Republicans?
11.Reconstruction by the Sworda.Know -i.Reconstruction Act1.Passed by the newly elected Republican Congress, it divided the South into fivemilitary districts, disenfranchise former Confederates, and required that Southernstates both ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and write state constitutionsguaranteeing freedmen the franchise before gaining readmission to the Union.ii.Fifteenth Amendment1.Ratified in 1870, it prohibited states from denying citizens the franchise on accountof race. It disappointed feminists, who wanted the amendment to include guaranteesfor women’s suffrage.iii.Military Reconstruction1.See b.iv.Ex parte Milligan1.Civil War-era case in which the Supreme ruled that military tribunals could not beused to try civilians if civil courts were open.v.Redeemers1.Southern Democratic politicians who sought to wrest control from Republican
regimes in the South after Reconstruction.b.Describe military reconstruction.i.The South was divided into five military districts, each commanded by a Union general andpoliced by blue-clad soldiers. The act also temporarily disenfranchised tens of thousands offormer Confederates. Ex parte Milligan forbid the trying of civilians in military courts, evenduring times of war. Usurped certain functions of the president as commander in chief and setup marital regime of dubious legality.12.No Women Votersa.Know -i.Women’s Loyal League1.Women’s organization formed to help bring about an end to the Civil War andencourage Congress to pass a constitutional amendment forbidding slavery.b.The passage of the three Reconstruction-era Amendments delighted former abolitionists but deeplydisappointed advocates of women’s rights. Women had played a prominent role in the prewarabolitionist movement and had often pointed out that both women and blacks lacked basic civil rights,especially the crucial right to vote. The Fourteenth Amendment was the first to use the wording “male.”13.The Realities of Radical Reconstruction in the Southa.Know-i.Union League1.Reconstruction-era African American organization that worked to educate Southern

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
The Bible, Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, Reconstruction era of the United States, President Johnson

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