was the push to establish a modern system of education for the Muslimpopulation of British India, during the later decades of the 19thcentury. The movement’s namederives from the fact that its core and originals lay in the city of Aligarh In Northern India and, inparticular, with the foundation of the Mohammedan Angelo oriental Collegiate School in 1875.The founder of the oriental college, and the other educational institutions that developed fromit, was Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. He became the leading light of the wider Aligarh.The educational reform established a base, and an impetus, for the wider Movement: an IndianMuslim renaissance (the revival of European art and literature under the influence of classicalmodels in the 14th–16th centuries) that had profound implications for the religion, the politics,the culture and society for the Indian sub-continent. One of indirect consequences of the awakening is the notion that without this revival of aMuslim self-consciousness and self-confidence, directly attributable to the Movement, therecould or would have been no Pakistan Movement in the run up to Indian independence.Motives:The Aligarh Movement emerged as a liberal, modern trend among the Muslim intelligentsiabased in Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh. It aimed at spreading:modern education among Indian Muslims without weakening their allegiance to Islam; Social reforms among Muslims relating to purdah, polygamy, widow remarriage,women’s education, slavery, divorce, etc. The ideology of the followers of the movement was based on a liberal interpretation of theQuran and they sought to harmonies Islam with modern liberal culture.They wanted to impart a distinct socio-cultural identity to Muslims on modern lines. Soon,Aligarh became the center of religious and cultural revival of the Muslim community.In 1864, he founded the Translation Society which was later renamed ‘The Scientific Society’.The society was located at Aligarh. It published Urdu translation of English books on science andother subjects, and an English-Urdu journal for spreading liberal ideas on social reforms. Headvocated the removal of much social prejudice that kept the community backward.
OLD ALIGARH UNIVERSITYEducational Services:Sir Syed Ahmed Khan opened educational institutions for Muslims so that new paths of progressmight open for them, for they had become literally backward. The English introduced English asan official language in place of Persian. Hindus by getting English education got the jobs butMuslims remained behind terrified. Sir Syed made it clear that it was quite wrong to think thatEnglish education would keep them away from religion. Our religion did not forbid learningEnglish language and Western sciences. Where he put emphasis on the learning of Englishlanguage there he did not ignore Urdu. He gave full attention to it. He also shifted the Society ofScientific Knowledge to Aligarh. He constituted the committee for the progress of Muslims. The