Florentine revolt of the Ciompi (1378-1382)Rebellion among unrepresented workers in Florence. There was a famine and people were starving.Artisans who did not belong to any guild were unable to participate in the Florentine government. It was hard to create new guild in the government Ciompi – a lower level of textile work (wool industry). The Ciompi were forced to pay heavy taxes that they could not afford.Overrepresentation of textile workers.Revolt was the result of the power struggle between Florence ruling elites and the Sotto posti or un-guilded.At 1378 there were 45,000 un-guilded workersThe Ciompi Revolt developed in three stagesReform in the months of May and JuneViolent revolution and fighting mid JulyFall of the Ciompi short government in Florence – the reaction at the of August 1378Initially the goal was to create three new guilds, the sewers, the dryers, and the people of God, those with no qualifications. The poorest of them POG remained unsatisfied and continued the revolt which marginalized themselves from the other Ciompi, who would eventually try to stop them.A new government was formed but the people were later viewed as heretics and were persecuted.English Peasants Revolt (1381)HYW: loss of continental possessions in France and forced to sign the Treaty of BurgesGeneral taxes for three consecutive years.The price of freedom for serfs in a manor doubled then tripled; serfs were unable too free themselves. Many local artisans supported this rebellionRebels sought a reduction of taxation, and the end to the system of unfree labour. Removal of the kings ….Rebels were encouraged by radial sermons of the cleric John Bald1381 June: Wat Tyler and Kentish rebels advanced in London.13thJune: attacked the prison destroyed the Savoy Palace and set fire to the law books and buildings14thJune: The ling met the rebels and acceded to most of their demanded15thJune: Richard met Tyler and a little groups of rebels outside the city. Violence broke out, and Richard party killed Tyler and other rebelsThe king re-established the order in London and rescinded his previous grants to the rebels. Most of the rebels were tracked down and executed by Nov at least 5000 rebels had been killed.All these Europeans rebellions were coming at the same time for the same reasons (like 1848). Rebellion in Europe is very continental. It implies the cultural similarities and mentalities of EuropeansRELIGIOUS CRISISEast-West Schism
Breaking of the communion between Eastern Orthodox and Catholic churchesReligious and theological problems: The source of the Holy spirit and the Eucharist? should leavened or unleavened bread be used?
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