11.According to the Fitts and Posner model, the stage of learning during which the learner makes a large number of errors and tries to answer a lot of “how to” questions is the ________ stage. 12.According to Gentile, the characteristics of an object that specify the movements a person must use to grasp it are called ________ conditions. 13.According to Gentile, during the first stage of learning, an important goal for the learner is to acquire a movement coordination pattern that will allow the person some degree of success at achieving the ________ of the skill. 14.According to Gentile’s model, the goal of diversification in the second stage of learning is specifically related to ________ motor skills. 15.The negatively accelerated rate of improvement, which is typical of performance changes for beginners learning a skill, has been mathematically formalized and is known as the _______ law of practice. 16.Research indicates that learners achieve spatial goals of a skill in the early stages oflearning, and ________ goals of a skill in later stages. 17.A characteristic of changes in the coordination among limb segments during the learning stages is the development of more inter-segmental ________ as learning progresses from early to later stages.
18.If a skill is performed efficiently, then it is being performed with a minimum amount of expended ________. 19.An important change in muscle activity that results from practice is that the activation pattern for agonist and antagonist muscle pairs becomes more ________ from trial to trial.
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- Spring '08
- Motor control, Fitts, Gentile, later stages