Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by circlingthe appropriate letter.1.TF
Competence and character are the most important factors affecting a speaker’s credibility.
Research shows that a speaker’s credibility is strongly affected by his or her delivery.
Research indicates that evidence is usually more persuasive when it is stated in specific rather than general terms.
Reasoning from specific instances involves progressing from a number of particular facts to a general conclusion.5.T
FThe following statement is an example of reasoning from principle: “Places such as Singapore that allow caning and other forms of corporal punishment have exceedingly low crime rates. If caning were used in the United States, the U.S. would have lower crime rates as well.”
In addition to being illogical, the ad hominem fallacy is also unethical.
FThe slippery slope fallacy assumes that because something is popular, it is therefore good, correct, or desirable.
FOne of the advantages of using causal reasoning in a persuasive speech is that the relationship between causes and effects is usually fairly obvious.9.T
FAs your textbook explains, it is unethical to use emotional appeal in a persuasive speech on a question of policy.
The most important question to ask when assessing analogical reasoning is whether the two cases being compared are essentially alike.16Methods of PersuasionChapter