His exposure to the upper class impacted toomers

Info icon This preview shows pages 10–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
His exposure to the upper class impacted Toomer’s views on racial oppression in society. Both Davis and Foley offer reasonable arguments yet their arguments ignore Toomer’s largest influence. Waldo Frank and Sherwood Anderson hold responsibility for Cane ’s structure. As argued by Charles Scruggs, those two writers altered Toomer’s vision for Cane . Going further than Scruggs’ analysis, however, Toomer’s decision for a circular structure is clear when discussing the theme of his book. This is an analysis that Davis, Foley, and Scruggs all fail to make. Looking at Cane with a circular design can give us insight into the reason why Toomer wrote this novel. As stated in Byrd and Gates’ introduction, Toomer published under a different name “to distance himself from Cane and the racial identity of its author” (xxix). Toomer himself wanted to think of himself as American. He once wrote, “I am of the human race” (qtd. in Byrd and Gates xxxvii). If
Image of page 10

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
11 Jung that was the point Toomer wanted to get across, we can evaluate his novel with that in mind. Does the circular design of Cane prove that racial categories will never fully be ignored? More importantly, did Toomer’s influences change his view on race in general? Would he have structured Cane differently if he did not face racial and social difficulties growing up? The answers to these questions are still argued by many critics. But, a clear consensus may never be reached and we may never get full, satisfying answers to these questions. Word count: 3,168
Image of page 11
12 Annotated Bibliography Anderson, Sherwood. Winesburg, Ohio: Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Contexts, Criticism. Ed. Charles E. Modlin and Ray Lewis White. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1996. Print. Winesburg, Ohio is a compilation of short stories revolving around George Willard, the central character. Most of the stories describe the lives of different characters in Winesburg and their connection to George. As told through the stories, George tries to achieve his dream of being an artist. As he interacts with the people of his town, George also learns about the grotesque sides of human nature. These stories eventually become the “Book of the Grotesques” that Willard writes about when he is a writer. This particular edition of Anderson’s novel also includes critical essays written by other authors discussing various topics about the novel. Charles Scruggs uses Anderson’s novel to connect it to Cane . Because Toomer and Anderson were friends, he argues that Winesburg, Ohio influenced Toomer and Cane . Sherwood Anderson is a very well known author. He wrote thirteen works of literature that got published. Some of them include Windy McPherson’s Son, Marching Men, Winesburg, Ohio, Poor White, and Many Marriages. Anderson also had personal connections with many other authors such as William Faulkner, Carl Sandburg, and Jean Toomer.
Image of page 12

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern