electricity supplied by a power company to a typical data center, only three kWhs are actually doing productive work. The remaining 97 kWhs are consumed by first powering and then cooling under-utilized hardware”. Energy Star •Energy star is an international standard for energy efficient consumer products, later for buildings, industrial facilities and building materials. •Energy star server consumed 54% less power than older model servers. •Servers that earn the Energy star will, on average, be about 30% more energy-efficient than standard servers. •In addition to using less energy themselves, energy star qualified servers substantially reducecooling loads in data centers. •Energy Star provides simple, credible, and unbiased information that consumers and businesses rely on to make well-informed decisions to save money and reduce emissions. Global IT Management 31
•Energy start created in US by Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Energy in 1992. •Elements of the Energy Star Program have been adopted by the European Union as well as Canada, Iceland, Japan, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, and Taiwan. •Energy star products use 20% to 30% less energy than what is mandated by federal standards. Global eWaste •eWaste generated when discarding electronic products, including computers, mobile phones,printers, TVs, electronic entertainment devices. •15-20% of e-waste is recycled, according to EPA, the rest of these electronics go directly into landfills and incinerators. •There are about 50 million tons of eWaste/year oU.S. eWaste: 3 million tons each year, U.S.Discards 30 million computers/year oChina’s eWaste: 2.3 million tons/year oGreenpeace estimates India produces 1,040 tons of eWaste/day in 2007, 380,000 tons/year oIn 2011, France, e-waste collection is still at a 14% annual rate between electronic equipment sold and e-waste collected oEurope disposes 100 million phones/year •Some countries have become the destination for eWaste. oShantou region of China, Delhi and Bangalore in India Accra in Ghana have electronic waste processing areas•Devices for eWaste shipped to developing countries where environmental standards are less strict than in North America and Europe. oThe developing countries have become toxic dump yards of e-waste. oThe Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition estimates that 80% of the post-consumer e-waste collected for recycling is shipped abroad to countries such as China and Pakistan. oSome cases have set up billion-dollar industries in refurbishing used Ink cartridges Single-use cameras Working CRTs. •Refurbishing has traditionally been a threat to established manufacturing, and simple protectionism explains some criticism of the trade. •Some are opposed to exporting working devices.
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