a new realignment a Reagan won in 1980 because he was not Jimmy Carter b Could

A new realignment a reagan won in 1980 because he was

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5.1980: a new realignment? a.Reagan won in 1980 because he was not Jimmy Carterb.Could not have been a traditional realignment because Congress was left in the hands of the Democrats6.Major shift that has occurred: shift in presidential voting patterns in the Southa.1972-2004: South has been more Republican than nation as a wholeb.If continues, will constitute a major regional realignmentF. Party decline1.Evidence that parties are declining, not realigning2.Proportion of people identifying with a party declined between 1960 and 19803.Proportion of those voting a split ticket increasedc.was almost unheard of in the 19thcentury, because voters were given ballots by the partiesd.became more common with the adoption of theoffice=bloc ballot (listing candidates by office instead of party) III. The national party structure today (THEME A: PARTY STRUCTURE TODAY)
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support the party’s congressional candidates 4. National chair manages daily work B. Party structure diverged in the late 1960s and early 1970s 1. RNC moved to bureaucratic structure a. Became a well-financed party devoted to electing its candidates, especially to Congress b. Beginning in 1980s, RNC used computerized mailing lists to raise money c. Money was used to provide services to candidates d. RNC effectively created a national firm of political consultants 2. Democrats moved to factionalized structure and redistributed power a. Democrats lost 5 out of 6 presidential elections between 1968 and 1988 b. By the 1990s, DNC had learned from the RNC: adopted the same techniques, with some success 3. DNC and RNC send money to state parties, to sidestep federal spending limits (soft money) C. National conventions 1. National committee sets time and place; issues a “call” setting the number of delegates for each state and the rules for their selection 2. Formulas are used to allocate delegates a. Democrats’ formula shifts delegates away from the South, to the North and West b. Republicans’ formula shifts delegates away from the East, to the South and Southwest c. Result: Democrats move left, Republicans right 3. Democratic formula rewards large states wile the Republican formula rewards loyal states 4. Democrats set new rules a. In 1970s, rules were changed to weaken local party leaders and increase the proportions of women, youth, Blacks, and Native Americans attending the convention b. Hunt Commission in 1981 increased the influence of elected officials and made the convention more deliberative 5. Consequence of reforms: parties represent different sets of upper-middle-class voters a. Republicans represent more traditional middle class – more conservative b. Democrats represent more leftist wing of the liberal middle class
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  • Fall '19
  • International Democrat Union, United States presidential nominating convention

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