Diabetes study guide.doc

Know what the normal values it is not necessary for

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diabetes. Know what the normal values. It is not necessary for you to know the correlation between HbA1c levels and blood glucose. 6) Understand capillary blood glucose monitoring and what patients need to know. 7) Be aware of other forms of testing (glucose tolerance testing and how this is accomplished, urine testing for ketones and protein etc.) 8) It is extremely important to understand nutritional therapy in the care of the diabetic client. Remember a well-balanced diet is important and must be balanced with exercise and activity; 9) Review the issue of alcohol (ETOH) with causing hypoglycemia and how to prevent hypoglycemia if patient consumes ETOH. 10) Understand the physiology of exercise and its effect on the maintenance of glucose levels in the body. 11) Know each of the classifications of insulin therapy along with the onset and peak action of each type of the insulin. A typical standardized question is to ask if regular or NPH insulin is given at a certain time of day, when would a hypoglycemic reaction be most likely to occur. 12) Be able to describe the following problems sometimes see with the administration of insulin: Hypoglycemia, Lipodystrophy, Somogyi effect, and Dawn effect. 13) Pay particular attention to the complications of diabetes. Be familiar with the nursing care associated with these complications such as foot care associated with neuropathies and PVD. 14) Understanding the difference between hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. Know the symptoms for each and how they are managed. 15) Understand the difference between DKA and HHNS along with the treatment for these conditions. 16) List various patient education needs. JFS/09 Rev. 1-17 ttb
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