GVPT355 final study guide 5

As a result of this ecuador could not make the

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As a result of this, Ecuador could not make the credible commitment to cease fighting. Armaments-Tension Spiral Model Ecuador rapidly increased border protection through increased military presence in the Cenepa Valley Peru saw the increased military presence as a threat since the area was still disputed. As a result, Peru expands into the area with increased military presence. Spain/Basques (1978-1992) General Synopsis: Small area in Northern Spain and Southern France called the Basque country, this region is one of the oldest cultures in Europe and has immense pride in their culture, unique language, and traditions as well as their homeland. The Basques were suppressed completely under Franco’s dictatorship in Spain (1939-1975) and a violent terrorist group emerged as a response to this (the ETA) and initiated violent attacks as a way to get their message across (they wanted an independent Basque region from Spain). Today all sides want a peaceful resolution, and most people do not support the ETA like they did when the group first emerged in the 1960s, 70s, and into the 1980s. Key Actors: Spain vs. Basque Region, Spanish government vs. the ETA Theories: Ethnic Exclusion: not a good fit, Basques were only excluded during Franco’s regime Sons of the Soil: good fit, Basque people have a distinct tie to their homeland/region India/Pakistan (1947-2003) (intermittent) Actors: India (Hindus) and Pakistan (Muslims) Ethnic grievance: lack of opportunities for Muslims Bargaining failure: India fears of ethnic fracturing Hindus- army power will diminish Muslims Opportunity: weak and hostile governments in both areas Bosnia & Herzegovina/Serbs (1992-1995) Actors: Republika Srpska (Serbian Republic of Bosnia) eastern Bosnia
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supported by Serbian gov orthodox committed 90% of the war crimes in the war Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina
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  • Spring '13
  • Cunningham
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, Minority group, Basque Country, ethnic exclusion

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