22. The part of the lower brain located behind the pons that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, fine motor movement is called the cerebellum. 23. The part of the limbic system located in the center of the brain, this structure relays sensory information from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortex and processes some sensory information before sending it to its proper area and is called the Thalamus. 24. The larger swelling above the medulla that connects the top of the brain to the bottom and that plays a part in sleep, dreaming, left–right body coordination, and arousal is called the pons. 25. The reticular formation is an area of neurons running through the middle of the medulla and the pons and slightly beyond that is responsible for selective attention. 26. The hippocampus is a curved structure located within each temporal lobe, responsible for the formation of long-term memories and the storage of memory for location of objects. 27. The amygdala is a brain structure located near the hippocampus, responsible for fear responses and memory of fear. 28. The cortex is the outermost covering of the brain, consisting of densely packed neurons, responsible for higher thought processes and interpretation of sensory input. 29. The thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres is called the corpus callosum.
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- Fall '07
- Biological Psychology