Microbes want to live but dont know what to do to not

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Microbes want to live, but don’t know what to do to not kill us when they haven’t been exposed to us beforeWhen an infectious organism crosses the species barrier to infect humans it enters an immunologically naïve populationoImmune system is designed to be able to respond to entirely novel antigens/disease, however this response is deregulatedDisease Transmission PathwaysNovel infection of human host can result in 4 possible transmission pathways1.No further transmissiona.Infected individual is endpointb.Ex. Rabies2.Non-sustained human-to-human transmissiona.Requires close contact and spread is containedb.Ex. Monkey pox, H5N13.Sustained human-to-human transmissiona.Spread from person to person that can result in pandemicb.Ex. H1N1 of 20094.Sustained transmission that leads to endemicitya.Human-to-human transmission with frequency that allows disease to continuously circulate in the populationb.Ex. HIVImpact On Nation and Global EconomiesWork absences, reactive animal control strategies (culling and compensation), trade restriction, reduced tourism and travel, healthcare and public healthy responsesExamplesoEbola (congo)Index case of a past outbreak was occupational exposure by man who prepared charcoal in tropical forest, was exposed to either an infected animal or poopoHIV (Africa)Has been linked to the hunting and butchering of chimpanzees for consumptionoSARS(china)Virus spread to humans from close contact with wild animals in wet markets or preparation of wild animals for consumptionoHantavirus (US)Exposure to dust contaminated with the urine of infected rats and mice
Preparing for pandemics could cost less than $1 each a yearArgumentSet of statements that together comprise a reason for a further statementTypes of Reasoning/argumentsDeductiveoCharacterized by or based on the inference of particular instances from a general law (big to small)oTrue premise + true premise = true conclusionoHumans can reason + bill is human =Bill can reasonInductiveoCharacterized by the inference of general laws from particular instances (small to big)oTrue premise + true premise = likely trueoBill shaves + Bill is a man = most men probably shaveAbductionoRules out explanations until most plausible remainsoObservation + observation = possibly trueoYou and friend ate undercooked burgers + you both got sick = probably contaminated burgerInterlockersTwo people arguing premises, goal is to get to the truthFallaciesa flaw of error in reasoningmany different types all used to win an argument, distract you, to change directions.Correlationthe degree to which two or more attributes or measurements on the same group of elements show a tendency to vary togetherex. Per captia cheese consumption correlates with number of people who dies by becoming tangled in their bedsheets (lines move together)ex. mRNA abundance in yeasto

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