Measurement mortality rate of colonizers by Philip D Curtin The institutions

Measurement mortality rate of colonizers by philip d

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Measurement: mortality rate of colonizers, by Philip D Curtin The institutions persisted after independence 4. Main cause of death for Europeans in the colonies Malaria and yellow fever A. In the tropics, two diseases account for 80% of European death a. major casue of infection: Mosquito bites B. In West Africa, individual get exposed to 700 infectious mosquito bites a. The lack of medical knowledge: complete misunderstanding of the nature of both diseases during the 19th C. century: they thought malaria was caused by Miasama from swamps and quinine was not used widely. 5. Proposal di ff erence from AJR For North, la Porta, and Lande, they emphasize the identity of the colonizer whereas others emphasize the conditions in the colonies. Specifically, it is not the identity of the colonizer that matters, but whether European colonists could safely settle in one place. 6. Why have forced labor polities persisted *3 Cost. Setting up instructions that place restriction on government power and enforced property rights is costly. Elites who inherit extractive instructions don’t want to incur the cost of new and better institutions Size of ruler. If there are small number of ruler, they benefit from larger share of revenue. Create greater incentive to extractive policies. They are also ones who control greatest political power after independence. Irreversible investment that are complement to a type of institution: if you have already invested a lot in human capital, you are motivated to create property right policy to enforce it; those who haven’t made investment lack incentive. 7. Contributions of AJP’s theory Main contribution: Differences in colonial experience could be a source of exogenous differences in institutions. (1) Europeans adopted very different colonization strategies (2) Colonialization strategy was in part determined by the feasibility of European settlement (3) Early institutions persisted to the present The origin of the colonists does not matter The geographical determinants, or factor endowment, does not matter in the technical sense The reversal of fortune argument - those regions with high development level in 1500 lagged behind in the 20th century What matters is the environment ins hick colonists settle. why is geography not a viable candidate explaining Econ performance main contributionof AJR FIT question 46
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  • Fall '17
  • Ana De Andrade
  • Colonialism, AJR, Alfred Crosby, Philip D Curtin

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