Cognitive Deficits General Deficits Executive function deficits higher order

Cognitive deficits general deficits executive

This preview shows page 3 - 6 out of 6 pages.

Cognitive DeficitsGeneral DeficitsExecutive function deficits:higher-order planning and regulation (difficulty problem solving, planning/organizing,shifting attention; also in ADHD)Lack of central coherence:make sense of broader context 3
Background image
Psyc324 lecture 7vs. individual pieces (difficulty understand the bigger picture, developing generalised knowledge, mental scripts)Categorization:formation of conceptsRule-based: necessary and sufficient (e.g. square)Prototype:single exemplar (e.g. robin)Better at rule based vs prototypeSocial information is unpredictable, not rule-based -may help to explain deficits in processing social informationCo-occuring problemsIntellectual disabilityEpilepsyADHDLearning disabilitiesAnxiety/fear/mood problemsSelf-injurious behaviorsDifferential DiagnosisIntellectual disabilityOverlap: self-stimulation, self-injurious behaviorASD: deficits in joint attention, ToMDevelopmental Language DisordersOverlap: delayed babbling, language acquisitionASD: deviant language development (echolalia, pronoun reversal, nonverbal deficits)Childhood SchizophreniaLater age of onsetLess impaired intellectual abilityHallucinations and delusionsPeriods of relapse/remissionEpidemiologyPrevalenceAbout 1-2%Increasing prevalenceLikely due to heightened awareness, broadening of definitionSex differences4-5x more common in boysMostly in high functioning group (females have severe intellectual deficits)Extreme male brain theory (Baron-Cohen): synthesizers (understanding inanimate world) vs empathizers (understand social world)Attention to detail, interest in math and science vs empathy and 4
Background image
Psyc324 lecture 7communicationAge of OnsetMost noticeable by age 2 (Osterling and Dawson)Decline in eye contact over first 6 months (lack of social reward motivation)Failure to gain/loss of social skills 6-12 monthsNew advances in early screening: possible early indicators (not orienting to name, rare eye contact when interacting, limited gestures and babbling in social context)EtiologyProblems in Early DevelopmentHealth problems during pregnancy (e.g. viral infection, bleeding), birth;
Background image
Image of page 6

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 6 pages?

  • Spring '13
  • Rudolph
  • Self-injurious behavior

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture