Discuss two different dual task techniques that researchers use to assess the

Discuss two different dual task techniques that

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3. Discuss two different dual-task techniques that researchers use to assess the attention demandsof performing a motor skill. Give an example of each. 4. Attentional focus the directing of attention to specific characteristics in a performance environment, or to action-preparation activities. (A) Describe the width and direction of attention focus options a person has when performing a motor skill. Width indicates that our attention can have a broader or narrow focus on environmental information and mental activities. While Direction indicates that our attention can be external or internal, external attention can be focused on cues in the environment or on internal thoughts, plans, or problem solving activities. (B) For each type, describe a motor skill situation in which that focus option would be preferred. Walking in a crowded hallway – External and broader focuses. External focus because you have watch for the environment – people around you, things around you etc. Broader focus because you don’t have to think much or focus on walking just the environment. Catching a ball – Internal and narrower focuses. Internally focusing on the ball, on plans of the ball being catch strategies etc. a narrow focus on the environment because you only are focusing on the ball. 5. Discuss whether a person should focus attention on his or her own movements or on the movement effects. Give an example. A person should focus their attention on the movement’s effects, on the outcome that you want, rather than on how to get there with enhanced skills/technique. ** When related to attention focus, this hypothesis proposes that the learning and performance of skills are optimized when the performer’s attention is directed to the intended outcome of the action rather than on the movements themselves. [Not too ideal because a person in a game doesn’t only have to focus on the intended goal there are other factors.] Ex. A pitcher instead of focusing on technique on throwing the ball, to simply throw and aim and focus attention on where you want to place the ball. 6. What is the meaning of the term automaticity as it relates to attention and the performance of motor skills? Give an example.
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