National Institute on Drug Abuse httpwwwnidanihgov NIDAs mission is to lead the

National institute on drug abuse httpwwwnidanihgov

This preview shows page 35 - 40 out of 109 pages.

National Institute on Drug AbuseNIDA’s mission is to lead the nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction. National Highway Traffic Safety AdministrationNHTSA’s mission is to save lives, prevent injuries and reduce economic costs due to road traffic crashes, through education, research, safety standards and enforcement activity.Screening, assessment, and treatment planning for persons with co-occurring disorders-ment-8-13-07.pdfAn overview paper from the Co-Occurring Center for Excellence that discusses the purpose, appropriate staffing, protocols, methods, advantages and disadvantages, and processes for integrated screening, assessment, and treatment planning for persons with COD as well as systems issues and financing.Resources27
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Treating the Problem
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“Most parolees and probationers with a history of addiction are not receiving modern, evidence-based treatment. The result is relapse and return to prison in a revolving door fashion. The National Institute on Health has developed important new treatments involving medications and specific forms of psychotherapy which should be made available to those caught up in the justice system.”Charles O’Brien, MD, PhD, PLNDP Leadership Council
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31SECTION 3: TREATING THE PROBLEMTreating the ProblemA Continuum of CareEvidence-based treatment for substance use disorders is an effective approach to improving public health and public safety. While some individuals involved with the justice system receive “treatment,” the nature and quality varies tremen-dously with no assurance that such treatment is effective or grounded in research. Treatment can be as informal as educational materials, mutual-help to lectures or discussions to more formal inpatient in a specialized treatment program. There are a variety of evidence-based approaches to treatment to consider and this sec-tion explains what “treatment” is and what components are necessary for it to be effective.The Medical, Societal, and Financial Benefits of Treatment Though the financial, social, and health impacts of alcohol and other drug problems are catastrophic, there is a solu-tion. Treatment has been shown to save lives and money by (1) reducing substance use, (2) reducing crime, (3) decreas-ing incarceration, (4) improving health, (5) improving family functioning, (6) decreasing injury, and (7) increasing employ-ment (Belenko et al., 2005).If treatment saves lives and money, why aren’t more people being treated? Some believe that it costs too much to provide treatment. But research on the economic impact of treat-ment consistently illustrates that the economic benefits of treatment outweigh the cost. A review of the economic ben-efits of treatment found the average net benefit per client was $42,905with 98% of that net benefit—$42,151—was a result of crime reduction (McCollister and French, 2003). Treating alcohol
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