Political and economic functions of marriage began to erode The family was emerging as its own institutional arena, becoming a place for emotional relationships “Traditional” breadwinner/ homemaker family structure emerged o Never the case for African American couples – even if they were free they didn’t get good jobs, so both had to work Women were considered free, but their role was to love, care for, and nurture their husbands Youth began to consider love and affection when seeking a spouse Courtship emerged as a compromise between parents and young couples conflicting ideas concerning the selection of marriage partners Involved supervised contact in public – compromise Couples had fewer children as infant mortality rate decreased Children’s individuality emerged as a valued ideal, emotional bonds between parents and children strengthened Children began to be seen as innocent and requiring nurturing
o You couldn’t just raise a kid for the family, they had to be raised as individuals to go out into the world Widows and orphans created a dilemma in the new male-centered wage economy Specialized institutions (orphanages) early pension and welfare programs were developed to care for those without (male) family connections The Modern Family (1900-1960s) Companionship family: characterized by the mutual affection, equality, and comradeship of its members Companionate marriage: view of marriage as a companionship, friendship, and a romance, rather than as a practical platform for cooperation and survival o
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- Fall '08
- American Family – Colonial America