prevalent mostly in Africa where presence of clitoris deems a woman unclean

Prevalent mostly in africa where presence of clitoris

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ii.prevalent mostly in Africa, where presence of clitoris deems a woman “unclean”; also works to control female sexuality iii.traditionally performed by traditional practitioner who lack medical training (risk of fatality, infection, hemorrhaging; extremecases can cause serious problems with urination, menstruation, childbirth and intercourse)iv.53 member states in Africa moved to prohibit female circumcision;opponents to change concerned with protecting cultural diversity2.The Vagina (and closely surrounding areas)a.Vaginal introitus—vaginal opening, varies in appearance among girls and womenb.Hymen—in newborn girls introitus usually covered with a thin membrane of skin called the hymen c.Urethral opening—located between the introitis and the clitoris; passageway for excretion of urine d.Perineum—area between the vaginal opening and the anuse.Pelvic Floor musclesi.Pubococcygeus (PC) muscle—important for childbirth and orgasm,become weak after childbirthii.Kegel exercises—exercises to strengthen these musclesiii.Strength of orgasm—the stronger these muscle the stronger the orgasmiv.Urinary incontinence in females—the same muscles that are used to try to stop the flow of urine f.The vaginai.Three layers1.Mucosa—the layer when sexually aroused this layer becomes lubricated2.an intermediate muscular layer—control both the expansion and contraction of the vagina 3.An outer tough, elastic layer
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ii.Coitus—penetration of the vagina by a penisg.Vaginal changes during arousali.Vasocongestion—blood that is rushing down into the vulvaii.Color changesiii.lubricationh.The G-Spot i.What it is, where it is—2-inches into the vagina, on the upper wallii.Controversies surrounding—only controversial becomes scientist have had better time finding it than othersiii.Female ejaculation1.Skenes gland—located underneath the G-spot, releases fluid, compared to the prostate glandi.The anus/sphincteri.Anal orifice kept closed by contractions of the external and internal anal sphincter musclesii.Beyond these sphincter muscles is the rectum 3.The Uterus—(womb); pear shaped, hollow organ with the pelvic cavitya.The cervix—narrow part of the uterus b.The cervical OS—external os connects the vagina to a short canal throughthe cervix; glands of the short canal secret mucus c.Sterile vs Fertile mucus, mucin trails—sterile mucus is cloudy and stick vs. fertile cervical mucus which is clear and stretch, they also mucin channels that are tiny almost threadlike structure that provide mobility for sperm d.Three layers of the wall to the uterusi.Endometrium—inner layer, the source of menstruation; facilitates the transport of sperm toward the fertilization site and prepare forimplantation and nourishment of an embryo ii.Myometrium—a smooth muscle layeriii.Perimetrium—outer layere.Cancer can effect the cervix or inner wall of the uterus (endometrium)i.Causes—HPV infection; chlamydia infection, smoking, immune system dysfunctionii.
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