Clients and customers cannot partake in products or services if they do not

Clients and customers cannot partake in products or

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Clients and customers cannot partake in products or services if they do not know of their existence or what they comprise.oneed to keep promotion cost-effective requires focusing communication on segments of the public most likely to respond—that is, on the target market. This segmentation is based on research and may employ sophisticated tools developed in the business sector and increasingly adopted by many nonprofits as well.Priceostraightforward concept, what we pay to obtain what we want in the marketplace.oVarious combinations of these variables are called the marketing mix.4.Crisis communications 292There is, of course, a distinction between crisis management and crisis communications, with the former encompassing all actions taken to address the situation and the latter, as the term implies, related to how the organization communicates information about the situation to its various constituents. nonprofits should maintain a risk management plan, to minimize the potential for a crisis occurring in the first place and to define the process for responding to such an event if and when it occurs.Depending on the nature of the crisis, the overall response likely will involve various individuals and departments, including, for example, public relations, legal, security, finance, human resources, and others (Coombs, 2011). Our focus in this chapter is on the communications response, that is, crisis communications.A crisis is “a significant threat to operations that can have negative consequences if not properly handled”Organizations facing a crisis are advised to respond quickly, accurately, and consistently (Coombs, 2011).Failure to speak out quickly may leave an information vacuum, which the news media or others (for example, bloggers) may try to fill, possibly with information that is not accurate(Eriksson, 2018)
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oThe most common advice identified into the overall sample of articles concerned the need to develop dialogue and to choose the right message, source and timing for effective social media crisis communication (59%, n = 61), and the frequency of the advice increased continuously during the period (see Figure 2).Recommendations1.Fundraisingauthors observe that indeed most nonprofits do not engage in a significant amount of advocacy or lobbying. less than one third of nonprofits had policies related to advocacy and that less than one half of boards were well-informed about policy or active in advocacy activities (BoardSource, 2017). There are various reasons why many nonprofits do not engage in advocacy. One obvious reason is that many lack the staff or resources, especially given the many demands of managing core service programs. Although small nonprofits might not conduct much lobbying on their own, they may belong to an association or coalition that represents their interests and issues at the state or national level. Such coalitions exist to serve specific groups of nonprofits, for example, higher education institutions, health
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