arboretum place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited kindred related; belonging to the same group; similar in nature or character; Ex. kindred languages; N: relative; kin; kinship intrude put or force in without being asked; trespass; enter as an uninvited person; Ex. intrude one’s own opinion into the report; CF. thrust in maul handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer fructify bear fruit; produce fruit rife (of something bad) widespread; abundant; current niggardly meanly stingy; parsimonious; N. niggard: stingy person doze sleep lightly; nap ratiocination reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically mollycoddle pamper; coddle; baby; indulge exces- sively warble (of a bird) sing; babble; N. anthem song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national an- them defalcate embezzle plutocracy society ruled by the wealthy muse ponder at length; N: source of inspiration (esp. of a poet) 35
shed small roofed structure for storage and shelter; V: pour forth; lose by natural process; repel with- out allowing penetration; radiate; cast; Ex. shed tears/light/water/skin/leaves jocular said or done in jest or playfully; marked by jok- ing appropriate acquire; take possession of for one’s own use without permission; set aside for a particular pur- pose; allocate; CF. misappropriate corrosive eating away by chemicals or disease; (of lan- guage) fierce paucity scarcity; dearth glutinous sticky; viscous; gluey unkempt disheveled; uncared for in appearance; not combed; CF. comb lionize treat (a person) as a celebrity spare give; use; refrain from harming; save from expe- riencing; exempt; Ex. spare me 5 minutes; Ex. Take this money and spare my life; Ex. The emperor was spared the onus; ADJ: kept in reserve; free for other use; unoc- cupied; Ex. spare time barrister counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar turbid (of a liquid) having the sediment disturbed; muddy; thick ram male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact subside sink to a lower level; settle down; sink to the bottom (as a sediment); descend; grow quiet; become less; moderate; abate cower shrink quivering as from fear; cringe careen lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregu- lar swinging movement; stagger pharisaical pertaining to the Pharisees, who paid scrupulous attention to tradition; self-righteous; hypo- critical warrant justification; written order that serves as autho- rization (esp. a judicial writ); Ex. search/death warrant; V: justify; guarantee polemic attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy tipple drink (alcoholic beverages) frequently; N: alco- holic drink pry inquire impertinently (someone else’s private af- fairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying hackneyed commonplace; trite poise good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position humility humbleness of spirit snub ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a sug-
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- Fall '12