ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Initiating structure refers to the extent to which a

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Unformatted text preview: Initiating structure refers to the extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his or her role and those of subordinates in the search for goal attainment. It includes behavior that attempts to organize work, work relationships, and goals. The leader characterized as high in initiating structure could be described in terms such as “expects workers to maintain definite standards of performance.” Consideration is described as the extent to which a person is likely to have job relationships that are characterized by mutual trust, respect for subordinates’ ideas, and regard for their feelings. This leader shows concern for followers’ comfort, well-being, status, and satisfaction. A leader high in consideration could be described as one who helps subordinates with personal problems, is friendly and approachable, and treats all subordinates as equals. Leadership studies conducted at the University of Michigan’s Survey Research Center also came up with two dimensions of leadership behavior that they labeled employee-oriented and production-oriented leader. Employee-oriented leaders were described as emphasizing interpersonal relations and they took an interest in the needs of their subordinates. The production-oriented leaders, in contrast, tended to emphasize the technical or task aspects of the job; their main concern was in accomplishing the group’s tasks. A managerial grid is a nine-by-nine matrix outlining 81 different leadership styles. Blake and Mouton proposed a Managerial Grid based on the styles of “concern for people” and “concern for production,” which essentially represent the Ohio State dimensions of consideration and initiating structure or the Michigan dimensions of employee oriented and production oriented. The grid does not show results produced but, rather, the dominating factors in a leader’s thinking in regard to getting results. The contingency approach to management involves using one or a combination of the main theories of management depending on the situation. The contingency approach chooses from the Scientific Management, Administrative, Human Relations, Bureaucracy, and Systems approaches. There are three main approaches to leadership. The contingency approach states that effective leadership depends on many factors in the situation, and was developed after the trait and behavioral approaches. There are several major contingency approaches which have been defined. Managerial grids graphically plot a manager’s most probable leadership style . Managerial Grids became a favorite tool for conducting leadership studies and improving management leadership effectiveness. Grid scores are based on a scale of 0 to 9 for both people and tasks....
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Initiating structure refers to the extent to which a leader...

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