187 roger fry vanessa and clive bell duncan grant

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own group ‘Bloomsbury’ (Ibid, p.187)-, Roger Fry, Vanessa and Clive Bell, Duncan Grant, Lytton Strachey, Leonard Woolf, J.M. Keynes, Desmond McCarthy and E.M. Forster. Each one was praising the other and this mutual admiration between them made them narcissistic (Cited in Ford, 1983, p.346) this narcissism pushed Virginia Woolf to criticize many writers especially D.H. Lawrence saying that ‘he is lacking in style civilization and a sense of beauty’ (Cited in Ford, 1983, p.346) Her intense intellectual life makes her become snob. For example: she said that Georg Eliot is the granddaughter of a carpenter, is poor and has no charm ‘raising
Chapter One Modernism and its Impact on Virginia Woolf’s Fiction 27 herself with groans and struggles from the intolerable boredom of petty provincial society... she had none of these eccentricities and inequalities of temper which give to many artists the endearing simplicity of children’ (Cited in Ford, 1983, p.348) Virginia Woolf compared herself to Shakespeare and her experiments in narrative style carry snobbishness (Harding, 1992, p.53) The wit of Virginia combined with her snobbery mixed with her influence from Jane Austen make her pessimistic, troubled, depressive and hate life, she said in Jacob’s Room (2008) ‘it is not catastrophes, murders, deaths, diseases, that age and kill us; it is the way people look and laugh, and run up the steps of omnibuses’ (p.34), she added in A Writer’s Diary (2003) ‘life is ... so tragic –no newspaper placard without its shriek of agony from someone... unhappiness is everywhere; just beyond the door; or stupidity, which is worse’ (p.28) It is certain that the death of the great moderns will bring the decline in modern literary quality. Virginia Woolf -who contributed to the establishment of modernism-, was removed from England in 1941 by death. She became influential in Britain in the years after the Second World War. Even if Virginia Woolf is not among the very greatest of English novelists, her fiction leaves one with the impression of a delicate and subtle artist who upheld aesthetic and spiritual values in a brutal, materialistic age. The suicide of Virginia Woolf in 1941 bear witness to the deep, indirect effect of the 2 nd World War on the imagination and the language of the British literature (Cited in Harding, 1992, p.66) Virginia Woolf remains a pioneering feminist, and one can only regret that the mental instability which led her to suicide in 1941 (terrified by the war and the fear that she was losing her mind) robbed English literature of its most influential and gifted woman since Georg Eliot (Ibid, p.69)
Chapter One Modernism and its Impact on Virginia Woolf’s Fiction 28 1.4. Conclusion The psycho- analysis of Freud which spread all over Europe from the end of the First World War, influenced writing. Writing fiction dealt more and more with the mental psyche and all the elements of the traditional novel, that is, the character -as an individual- and the plot moved to the background in favour of psychological exploration.

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