Procedure Write the issue or concept that will be debated on a whiteboard or fl

Procedure write the issue or concept that will be

This preview shows page 161 - 164 out of 167 pages.

sation of known information according to some key questions. Procedure: Write the issue or concept that will be debated on a whiteboard or fl ip chart and frame in a star. The teacher adds as many questions as possible to that concept. Each question will be framed in one star. Initial questions used will be essential questions, such as: who; what; when; where; and why; which may then give rise to other complex questions (Fig. 10.5 ). concept concept concept concept concept concept Concept Fig. 10.4 Bunch method 10.4 Descriptions of the Methods Used in the Examples in Previous Chapters 155
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The method involves several distinct steps: 1. Proposing the problem, and the concept; 2. Organising the class in several subgroups, each of them stating the problem on a sheet of paper; 3. The elaboration in each group of a list of various questions related to the issue to be discussed; 4. Communicating the results of the group activity; and 5. Highlighting the most interesting questions and appreciating teamwork. Advantages of using the method : This is a method considered by students to be relaxing and enjoyable; Stimulates individual and group creativity, the manifestation of spontaneity; It is easy to apply, suitable for many types of student groups with different psychoindividual characteristics; CONCE PT WHAT ? WHO ? WHER E? WHEN? WHY ? Fig. 10.5 Starbursting method 156 10 Teaching Learning Methods
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It develops the spirit of cooperation; It creates the possibility of contagion of ideas; Develops teamwork skills; Stimulation of all participants in the discussion; and There is no need for elaborate explanations, as it is very easy to understand by all students. Disadvantages of using the method : It takes a long time for application; and Lack of involvement from some students. Methods to Facilitate Metacognition : The I Know/I Want to Know/I Learned method The method consists in valuing previous experience of the subject matter and discussing the prerequisites. The premise behind this method is to reconsider stu- dents previous or pre-requisite knowledge when introducing new insights. It can also be an excellent formative assessment of the lesson, an instrument for stimu- lating metacognition, but also a means for the teacher to get feedback on the understanding of new knowledge by students. Method of implementation: Presentation of the theme of the activity; Dividing the class of students into sub-groups; The teacher distributes the support sheets and asks students to inventory every- thing they know about the subject; KNOWN WANT TO KNOW LEARNED Students fi ll in the columns KNOWN and WANT TO KNOW of the worksheet table. In the column KNOWN , students will add all known aspects related to the subject matter under discussion. In the column WANT TO KNOW , those questions that arise in relation to the subject under consideration will be passed. Questions are identi fi ed as having an important role in guiding and personalising reading; Individual reading of the text; Fill in the column LEARNED in close connection with previously asked questions, highlighting those who receive such an answer; 10.4 Descriptions of the Methods Used in the Examples in Previous Chapters 157
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