deprivation theory which says people will protest when they feel society is falling short
on their expectations. Mostly the people who fight for change are middle/upper class.
Another functionalist theory is systematic theory.
Critical theory: resource mobilization believes protests are like any other organization
and just as helpful to society. Believes there will always be conflict because resources/
goods are distributed unevenly. To succeed protestors need ideological power, economic
power or political power. Two different approaches to how resource mobilization works:
utilitarian perspective and political conflict theory.
Symbolic interactionist/ social constructionist approach: cultural approaches recognize
that people react not to social situations, but to their interpretation and evaluation of these
systems. Two important cultural approaches: new social movements and framing theory.
NSMs say changes are not class based and have given us new identity politics. Framing
theory is interested in how people develop and communicate cultural goals in a social
Classic Studies: Symbolic Crusade
Written by Joseph Gusfield is about the prohibition legislation in the US.
Was not just about alcohol, but it was a class war to affirm sobriety.
In the study he distinguishes between class poilitics, expressive poilitics and status
Changing Causes of Social Movement Formation
century social movements were poorly organized. Limited by pre-industrial
travel and communication. With urbanized nation-states social movements grew and
According to Kitschelt, social movements are shifting from local issues to societal issues.
Social movements are most likely to form when political parties and other interest groups
fail to satisfy public demands.
People are talking about…Charles Tilly
Showed that social protest is inevitably linked to politics, society and economics of its
time and place.
Sakai follow’s Tilly’s narratives when studying trans-generational narratives in Ireland
For Tilly, the job of sociologist is to trace the ‘logic of violence’ in the mobilization of
social change. Ex, how the black market may be as economically important as legal
Pallister-Wilkins show that activists surrounding the West Bank wall protest exercise of
power in a post-structuralist manner. They also follow protest-anarchism model, by
taking things into their own hands rather than waiting for it.
Hockey, Meah and Robinson looks at sex lives and shows that the individualistic or
collective approach to analyzing personal narrative is able to provide a satisfactory
Tilly belongs to fusion approach.
Roberge says that even secular societies are ritual like.
Ross argues against relying too heavily on role of civil society and too little on the role of
the state in bringing about change.
Questioning Sociology 13:
Canadians have decided that welfare is socially viable and it should survive.