Deprivation theory which says people will protest

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deprivation theory which says people will protest when they feel society is falling short on their expectations. Mostly the people who fight for change are middle/upper class. Another functionalist theory is systematic theory. Critical theory: resource mobilization believes protests are like any other organization and just as helpful to society. Believes there will always be conflict because resources/ goods are distributed unevenly. To succeed protestors need ideological power, economic power or political power. Two different approaches to how resource mobilization works: utilitarian perspective and political conflict theory. Symbolic interactionist/ social constructionist approach: cultural approaches recognize that people react not to social situations, but to their interpretation and evaluation of these systems. Two important cultural approaches: new social movements and framing theory. NSMs say changes are not class based and have given us new identity politics. Framing theory is interested in how people develop and communicate cultural goals in a social movement. Classic Studies: Symbolic Crusade Written by Joseph Gusfield is about the prohibition legislation in the US. Was not just about alcohol, but it was a class war to affirm sobriety. In the study he distinguishes between class poilitics, expressive poilitics and status politics. Changing Causes of Social Movement Formation In 18 th -19 th century social movements were poorly organized. Limited by pre-industrial travel and communication. With urbanized nation-states social movements grew and gained importance. According to Kitschelt, social movements are shifting from local issues to societal issues. Social movements are most likely to form when political parties and other interest groups fail to satisfy public demands. People are talking about…Charles Tilly Showed that social protest is inevitably linked to politics, society and economics of its time and place. Sakai follow’s Tilly’s narratives when studying trans-generational narratives in Ireland after WWII. For Tilly, the job of sociologist is to trace the ‘logic of violence’ in the mobilization of social change. Ex, how the black market may be as economically important as legal market. Pallister-Wilkins show that activists surrounding the West Bank wall protest exercise of power in a post-structuralist manner. They also follow protest-anarchism model, by taking things into their own hands rather than waiting for it. Hockey, Meah and Robinson looks at sex lives and shows that the individualistic or collective approach to analyzing personal narrative is able to provide a satisfactory explanation. Tilly belongs to fusion approach. New Insights Roberge says that even secular societies are ritual like. Ross argues against relying too heavily on role of civil society and too little on the role of the state in bringing about change. Questioning Sociology 13: Canadians have decided that welfare is socially viable and it should survive. 41

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