MO slave sued for his freedom claiming that his four years stay in the northern

Mo slave sued for his freedom claiming that his four

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MO slave sued for his freedom, claiming that his four years stay in the northern portion of the LA territory made free land by the MO compromise had made him a free man; U.S. Supreme Court decided he couldn’t sue in a federal court because he was property, not citizen 27. Popular Sovereignty: Notion that the sovereign people of a given territory should decide whether to allow slavery - largely opposed by northern abolitionists who feared it would promote the spread of slavery to other territories 28. Compromise of 1820 & 1850: 1820: MO wanted to join Union as a slave state, unbalancing Union so there would be more slave states than free states - Maine joined as a free state and MO as a slave state, Congress made a line across Southern border of MO saying all states north of line must be free states
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1850: Admitted CA as a free state, opened NM and UT to popular sovereignty, ended slave trade in Washington D.C., and introduced a more stringent fugitive slave law, widely opposed in both North and South and did little to settle escalating dispute over slavery 29. 4 Causes of the Civil War and Results of Civil War: 1. Industry v. Farming 2. State’s Rights 3. Expansion 4. Slavery Defeat of Confederate states and resumption of their statues in America: Reconstruction Period, the end of slavery - 13th amendment, 15th amendment: abolished all restrictions on voting and all U.S. citizens should be able to vote 30. Lincoln-Douglas Debates: Series of seven debates - argued important issues of day like popular sovereignty, Lecompton Constitution, and Dred Scott decision; Douglas won but Lincoln’s position in debates helped him beat Douglas in 1860 presidential election 31. Commerce Raiders (Alabama): Ships who were able to threaten Union merchant ships, proved most effective against Union shipping and mostly all built Britain 32. “Cotton Diplomacy”: Southern notion of embargoing cotton export in order to bring Britain to their knees - didn’t work because South overestimated its power and bumper crops in 1850s weakened demand for cotton as they found new suppliers in Egypt and India 33. Trent Affair: Incident in 1861 where a Union warship stopped a British ship named Trent and removed 2 Confederate diplomats bound for Europe, Britain outraged and took steps toward war but tensions cooled and Lincoln returned the 2 Confederates 34. Border States: Four slave states that stayed in the Union because of the assurances that the war was being fought to preserve the Union rather than end slavery: Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland 35. Jefferson Davis: President of Southern Confederate States from 1860 to 1865 after their secession from the Union - Davis struggled to form a solid government for the states to be governed by 36. Elijah Lovejoy: American Presbyterian minister, journalist, and a newspaper editor who was murdered by a mob in Alton, Illinois for his abolitionist views 37. David Walker: Wrote “appeal to colored citizens of world”, wanted slaves to be radical - recognized for his critical contribution to ending chattel slavery in US 38. Slave Resistance: Most important was defying the masters - some stole from masters or neighboring whites, some performed acts of sabotage
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  • Fall '16
  • Mr. Donald
  • US History, Civil War, vocabulary, Midterm, Terms, American Revolution, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War

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