Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

A good first aid class will stress prevention for

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A good first-aid class will stress prevention. For example, make sure to carry plenty of food, water, and extra clothes—even if you’re just out for the afternoon. A sudden change in the weather or a broken leg could turn your stroll into an uncomfortable night outdoors. That’s why you should take something to insulate you from the ground and prevent hypothermia. F or many teens, camping is a great way to relax and have fun with family and friends. While the nearby state park may not be back- country, medical help isn’t always nearby. So a quick class on wilderness first aid might be what the doctor ordered—especially when the nearest hospital is more than an hour away. Why “an hour or more”? Doctors have identi- fied a “golden hour” just after accidents, heart attacks, and other emergencies in which they can do the most to save lives. Learning the Rules Practicing wilderness first aid ensures that at least some of the benefits of treatment within the golden hour are not lost. In urban first aid, for example, you’re taught to splint a suspected sprain, strain, or fracture as close as you can to the position you found it in. Under wilderness conditions, you need to be alert to the possibility that nerves or the blood supply in the affected limb may have been cut off. For that reason, you must pull gently and straighten out the limb before splinting to restore circulation and About Wilderness Safety The article mentions the condition hypothermia . Create a first-aid pamphlet with the class that describes symptoms, prevention, and treatment of hypothermia. Make sure you include specific infor- mation. Would you feel confident in giving the pamphlet to a friend who was going camping? 760 Chapter 28 First Aid and Emergencies HS_HEALTH_U09_C28_CR 12/8/03 5:58 PM Page 760
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761 Chapter 28 Review 1. Advocacy. Prepare a talk that encourages younger students in your community to learn first aid. Compile lists of local emergency telephone numbers for distribution. (LESSON 1) 2. Analyzing Influences. Evaluate the effect of technology on first aid. For example, what techniques and capabilities are available today that were not available 50 years ago? (LESSON 2) 3. Accessing Information. Research to learn whether your state has a high incidence of rabies and what measures are taken to keep the disease under control. (LESSON 3) 4. Practicing Healthful Behaviors. Find out which poisonous plants are in your area, how they can be recognized, and what to do in case of exposure to them. Use what you have learned to create a teaching tool, such as a poster or a comic book, for elementary school children. (LESSON 4) Emergency Physician Can you make fast and accurate deci- sions? As an emer- gency physician, you often have to make quick diagnoses under extreme conditions.
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