Rivera mario a 1980 algunos fenómenos de

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Rivera, Mario A. 1980 Algunos fenómenos de complementaridad económica a través de los datos arqueológicos en el Area Centro Sur Andina--la fase Alto Ramirez reformulada. In Temas antropológicos del norte de Chile. Estudios arqueológicos, numero especial. Pp. 71-103. Antofagasta: Universidad de Chile. Serracino, George 1980 Tiwanaku desde San Pedro de Atacama. Estudios Arqueologicos 5:95-106. Antofagasta. Shimada, Melody, and Izumi Shimada 1985 Prehistoric Llama Breeding and Herding on the North Coast of Peru. American Antiquity 50(1):3-26. Stuiver, M., and G.W. Pearson 1986 High-Precision Calibration of the Radiocarbon Time Scale, AD 1950-500 BC. Radiocarbon 28:805-838. Stuiver, M., and P.J. Reimer 12
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1986 [1987] University of Washington Quaternary Isotope Lab Radiocarbon Calibration Program, Rev. 2.0, bidecadal calibration data, intercept method A. Radiocarbon 28:1022-1030. Wallace, Dwight T. 1980 Tiwanaku as a symbolic empire. Estudios Arqueologicos 5:133-144. Figures Figure 1. Tiwanaku settlement/influence pattern. The large triangle represents Tiwanaku; the smaller ones indicate sites attributed to any Tiwanaku period for any reason, from large habitation sites with primarily Tiwanaku ceramics to cemeteries with a few isolated Tiwanaku grave goods. The shaded area is above 4000 meters in elevation; the contour line is at 2000 meters. Sources: Ponce 1972; Mujica 1985; Goldstein in press. Figure 2. Middle and lower Osmore valley. Figure 3. Radiocarbon date chart Figure 4. Radiocarbon date table Figure 5. El Algodonal, sketch map. Figure 6. Loreto Viejo, sketch map. 13
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Budget Explanation Fieldwork costs Wages, 3 workers: $3/day X 180 days (36 weeks) $ 1,620 Vehicle gasoline and maintenance: $50/month X 9 months 450 Supplies Cloth bags: 3,000 @ .25 750 Plastic bags: 6,000 @ .10 600 Recording forms, air photos 100 Miscellaneous string, pens, stakes, etc. 70 Film and processing 20 rolls Plus-X, 36 exposures @ $11 220 20 rolls Kodachrome 64, 36 exposures @ $12 240 INC supervision fee: $20/day X 130 days (26 weeks) 2,600 Subtotal: 6,650 Laboratory analysis costs Wages, 2 workers: $3/day X 80 days (16 weeks) 480 Wages, 1 data entry worker: $3/day X 40 days (8 weeks) 120 Supplies: Plastic bags: 5,000 @ .10 500 Computer coding sheets and diskettes 50 Miscellaneous labeling supplies, packing material, etc. 100 Photocopying for INC and archiving in US 100 Radiocarbon dates: 10 @ $200 2,000 Subtotal: 3,350 Total requested funds: $ 10,000 Notes: Vehicle and computer to be supplied through Programa Contisuyu. INC supervision fee is charged by the Peruvian Instituto Nacional de Culturafor the period of excavation of all archaeological projects in the country. Airfare for Bruce Owen and some personnel maintenance costs to be covered by Department of Education Fulbright grant (see Current and Pending Support statement). Additional radiocarbon dates, labor, and supplies will be covered by funds to be sought from other sources (see Current and Pending Support statement). 14
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  • Fall '02
  • BruceOwen
  • Radiocarbon dating, Tiwanaku, tiwanaku colonies, tiwanaku expansion

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