Greeks decided to stop the persians in thermopylae

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Greeks decided to stop the Persians in Thermopylae because it was a narrow passAlso called hot gates7,000 Greeks at thermopylae with 300 elite Spartan soldiersLeonidas- King of Sparta lost his life here with the 300 SpartansThe battle went on for 2 days until a Greek traitor appeared and he tells Xerxes that there is a path that drops them outside thermopylaeSpartans stay and fight because of a prophecy saying that Greeks can only win the war if Sparta lost a king, so Leonidas dies to fulfill the prophecyPersians win the battle → Persians caby 322 BC, he unified the majority India for the first time in history(Mauryan Empire)After defeating Seleucus I, he was given territory in the Middle East, and that was thefirst time India owned territory outside of IndiaSucceeded by grandson, Asoka Mauryan Empire322-185 BCE6
established by Chandragupta Mauryahad an army of 500,000 menthe biggest army up until its timehad 5,000 war elephantsfirst time Indian state controlled land in the middle eastmost powerful empire up until its timePataliputracapital of Mauryan empireMegasthenescontinues to do trade with the MauGreek ambassador of the Mau courtKautilyaan advisor to the Mauryan king, some brilliant advisor that reflect ideas in the later Arthasastra. pture Athens and burn the city into the groundSalamis (WAIT ARE THE GREEK SHIPS SLOWER OR ARE THE PERSIAN SHIPS SLOWER?? All you need to know is that the Greek ships were bigger (so they were slower) making them harder for the Persian Tiremes to take down.)***???Persians had more triremes: they are faster and more maneuverable than Greek triremes, so if the battle was fought overseas, the Persians would have an advantageIf the battle is fought in a narrow space, the slower and stronger greek ships have advantagePersian trireme attacks greek ships. They are more maneuverable but b/c of confined space, heavier Greek ships have advantage and winXerxes panics, trapped in Greece, crosses water and flees back to Persia leaving behind 70,000 soldiersIMPORTANT BATTLE BECAUSEPersian fleet was destroyed and Xerxes panics to get back to Persia, he has to cross water and there is no navy to protect the crossing which meant he is trapped in greecePlataea479 BC last battle of the war70,000 Persians vs 40,000 GreeksGreeks won the battlethey had armor, persians did notHome field advantageMost persian soldiers were not persian, they were subject soldiers forced to fightPersians never returnedGreeks continued to develop a more independent civilizationVictory marks the beginning of the Golden/Classical AgeArchitecture, art, dramas, literature, etcPeloponnesian WarGreek states were fighting.

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