○established by Chandragupta Maurya○had an army of 500,000 men○the biggest army up until its time○had 5,000 war elephants○first time Indian state controlled land in the middle east○most powerful empire up until its time●Pataliputra○capital of Mauryan empire●Megasthenes○continues to do trade with the Mau○Greek ambassador of the Mau court●Kautilya○an advisor to the Mauryan king, some brilliant advisor that reflect ideas in the later Arthasastra. ○pture Athens and burn the city into the ground●Salamis (WAIT ARE THE GREEK SHIPS SLOWER OR ARE THE PERSIAN SHIPS SLOWER?? All you need to know is that the Greek ships were bigger (so they were slower) making them harder for the Persian Tiremes to take down.)***???○Persians had more triremes: they are faster and more maneuverable than Greek triremes, so if the battle was fought overseas, the Persians would have an advantage○If the battle is fought in a narrow space, the slower and stronger greek ships have advantage○Persian trireme attacks greek ships. They are more maneuverable but b/c of confined space, heavier Greek ships have advantage and win○Xerxes panics, trapped in Greece, crosses water and flees back to Persia leaving behind 70,000 soldiers○IMPORTANT BATTLE BECAUSE■Persian fleet was destroyed and Xerxes panics to get back to Persia, he has to cross water and there is no navy to protect the crossing which meant he is trapped in greece●Plataea○479 BC ○last battle of the war○70,000 Persians vs 40,000 Greeks○Greeks won the battle■they had armor, persians did not■Home field advantage■Most persian soldiers were not persian, they were subject soldiers forced to fight○Persians never returned○Greeks continued to develop a more independent civilization○Victory marks the beginning of the Golden/Classical Age■Architecture, art, dramas, literature, etc●Peloponnesian War○Greek states were fighting.