youth ages 12-17. Principles of the Act: It holds the youth responsible for breaking the law. The youth faces supportive consequences for the crime they have committed. Youth between ages 12-17 receives legal rights. Society is protected through previsions of positive solutions to youth offenders. Supports a separate justice system to young offenders and that they’re accountable for their crimes.
Civics Exam Review Reema Flynn-Rizk Exam: November 9 th, 2016 Encourages the system to react quickly when a youth breaks the law. Encourages victims, family & community to be involved when a youth has committed a crime. Problems with eyewitness testimony: - Human error - Can be tainted by police misconduct - Can be bullied or bribed Jury Selection: The selection of a jury may take many days- this is called empanelling. To be on a jury, you must be: - 18 years of age - Canadian Citizen Reasons to be challenged as a juror: 1. Challenge for cause – a juror does not speak the language in which the case will be heard. 2. Peremptory Challenge – allows either side to eliminate a prospective juror without reason. (just a “gut feeling”.) Reasons to be excused from serving on a jury: - On holiday - Religious purpose - Family situation - Illness or surgery - Personal connection to the case Direct Evidence : information given by a person who witnessed the event in question. Types of offences: 1. Summary Offence - Minor offence (e.g.- shoplifting) - Individuals charged with these crimes are issued a summons to appear before a judge. - Max. Sentence: $2000 fine and/or 6 months in jail 2. Indictable Offence - More serious offence (e.g.- drug trafficking, murder, assault) - Individuals charges with these crimes attend a preliminary hearing, followed by a trial by either judge, or judge jury¸ 3. Hybrid Offence - Offences that can be treated as either a summary offence or an indictable offence - The crown attorney gets to choose how it will be treated
Civics Exam Review Reema Flynn-Rizk Exam: November 9 th, 2016
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