23 Female Repro flashcards.doc

79 what are the dangers of ectopic pregnancies a

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79. What are the dangers of ectopic pregnancies A woman who goes into the er with abdominal pain will always get a pregnancy test and they will do surgery to remove the embryo. The egg can also implant into the wall of the peritoneal cavity; also fatal. If left undiagnosed the fallopian tube will burst and can be fatal to the women. 80. Where do sperm go once they reach the end of the fallopian tube? Sperm swim out of the opening of the fallopian tube and into the peritoneal cavity. 81. What is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) caused by? Any STD (sexually transmitted disease) 82. What organs are not affected by PID? It could then continue to all organs in the pelvis except those organs which are retroperitoneal (kidney, ureter, and urethra). 83. What is salpingitis? Inflammation of the Fallopian (uterine) tube 84. Why is the pelvic cavity at risk for disease and how does it protect itself? A woman’s peritoneal cavity is open to the external world; that’s why the lumen of the fallopian tube has to be so narrow, and the cervix also has mucous for protection 85. What is the most common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (pid)? Sexually transmitted disease (std), usually chlamydia or gonorrhea. 7
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The Female Reproductive System Flashcards 86. What are four characteristics of pelvic inflammatory disease? 1) it can lead to sterility. 2) it is usually caused by chlamydia or gonorrhea. 3) it includes salpingitis (inflamed fallopian tube). 4) it does not inhibit ovulation. 87. What happens during a tubal ligation? A permanent way to prevent pregnancy by surgically removing a piece of the fallopian tube so the sperm cannot reach the egg. Only 1 in a million does not work. 88. What is the least effective method of birth control? Withdrawing the penis before ejaculation. Statistics say that there is a 30% chance of pregnancy with this method. 89. What are the 5 parts of the uterus? 90. The largest gross region of the uterus is where? Fundus, body, cervix, cervical canal, and vagina. The largest gross region of the uterus is its body. 91. Uterus diagram 92. Most support of the uterus is provided by what two structures? It is held in place by the round ligament and by mesentery; the broad ligament. 93. When a woman is standing, what organ does the uterus sit on top of? When a woman stands upright, the uterus sits on top of the urinary bladder. 94. What are the 2 layers of the endometrium? 95. Which of these two layers can divide and replace itself? 96. What layer goes through changes during menses? Endometrium (two layers) 1. Stratum functionale 2. Stratum basale The stratum basale is the inner layer, and can divide and grow to replace itself. On top of it is the stratum functionale, which undergoes the changes during menses. 97. What is the stratum functionale lined by?
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  • Fall '08
  • Harrison,C
  • Uterus, Peritoneal cavity, Ovulation

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