Chapter 2, Section 4 Notes.docx

1663 is when king charles ii gave a group of

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1663 is when King Charles II gave a group of supporters land between Spanish Florida and Virginia, and it soon became known as North and South Carolina. 1732 is when James Ogelthorpe, who was an English philanthropist, a charter for a colony that they hoped to turn into a haven for people who were imprisoned for debt. Ogelthorpe called it Georgia after King George II. Few people came to Georgia, and it prohibited the drinking of rum and slavery, and the British crown took over the colony in 1752.
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10/12/17 Chapter 2, Section 4 By 1752, there were thirteen British colonies in America, but those thirteen colonies would soon want separation from the British government. Surviving in a New World: Settlers found out that America was an amazing place, but not in the ways they originally predicted it to be. The settlers didn’t know that they settled into America during the “Little Ice Age.” There were extremes of heat and cold. Eventually, the settlers found foods and plants that helped them to survive. The Southern Colonies: The Powhatan nation didn’t really have food to spare, but the colonist thought that the Natives would have be able to supply them with food. That area was going through its worst drought in 800 years. There was intense heat which killed crops, and the Natives didn’t really want to give any food away. There were also malaria-carrying mosquitos, and many of the colonists died from the disease because of the heat. The colonists’ drinking water became contaminated with sea water, which was very salty. The colonists’ started exporting tobacco and that provided income that attracted more colonists, which saved the South. The New England Colonies: The first hurricane that was recorded happened in North America in 1635 in the Massachusetts Bay. Colonists were surprised and amazed. Numeral colonists died of sunstroke in the summer of 1637. The following winter, three feet of snow fell. The colonists went to the Natives and local plants and herbs as medicine to help heal and cope with the extreme weather. The colonists learned that the Boneset plant could break fevers and chills and it could treat diseases ranging from colds to typhoid. The Middle Colonies:
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10/12/17 Chapter 2, Section 4 The Delaware River Valley became a rich farmland, but was originally taken over by severe weather. Frosts and wet springs created poor harvests because it was too cold and wet for the grains to ripen. In 1657, it was reported that frigid temperatures sometimes froze the Delaware River in a day. Eventually, the colonists found out about crops that grew in the rich soil surrounding the Delaware River.
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