Newgate Prison, London, 1768-1780 (Trachtenberg, 409)George Dance II o • Primarily a utilitarian design • Residence, gates, all designed with an emphasis on enclosure • A central block for the innkeepers • It is massive through its solidity in stone, a powerful fortress · Bank of England, London, 1788-1823 (especially Stock Office, 1792) (Ingersoll 650; I/K 642;Trachtenberg 410, 411) John Soane o • Interior creates a series of shadows and space, a relevant dramatic tone • Communicates the importance of institution • A very solid form, representing the protection of the bank, there is no exterior windows • A variety of domes installed around the bank are what gives it light • A huge complex, it encloses almost 3 acres · Soane House (now museum), Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, 1792-1824 (Ingersoll 651, 652; I/K 643, 644)John Soane o • Piecemeal in fashion, he would obsessively craft his own public image • The plan is quite asymmetrical, he carved out a series of spaces • More use of light through domes • Experiments with the possibilities of interior space (need for mirrors) • Has a plethora of relics, it is practically a museum · Schauspielhaus, Berlin, 1818-1821 (Ingersoll 644; I/K 636) Karl Friedrich Schinkel o • A clear composition of volumes • Expressed the country's economic, political, and institutional foundations • A sense of a tectonic structure, a visual and technical order • Plan is complex, has a smaller theatre, a main auditorium, and a wing for offices · Altes Museum, Berlin, 1823-1828 (Ingersoll 645; I/K 637; Curtis 25) Karl Friedrich Schinkel
o • Has a rotunda that brings in a strong beam of light • Porch has an impressive amount of columns, at certain angles they almost form a wall • The museum stages and frames the other nearby designs/structures (important urban experience) • The use of light to enhance aesthetic of sculpture is amazing · Academy of Architecture (Bauakademie), Berlin, 1831 (Trachtenberg 421) Karl Friedrich Schinkel o • His school for architecture • Details from the Italian Renaissance applied here • It is a masonry framed building • Has a square plan with a small central court • Pitched roofs resemble Pompeii • A cross between Manchester and Italian Design methods • Many windows bring light into the drawing spaces · Fonthill Abbey, Wiltshire, 1796-1812 (Ingersoll 601; I/K 593)James Wyatt o • Builds a wall around the home, lives in exclusion due to his exile for homosexuality • A very grand entry hall, with long galleries, and a tower (tower collapsed three times) • The use of gold and red around the house, symbol of wealth and power · St. Giles [church], Cheadle. 1841-46A.W.N. Pugin o • Has a much regularized plan (nave, 2 aisles, ect.) • The finishes on the building are very impressive • Very nice tile-work on the floors, people were concerned about the fragility of the tile (would wear slippers) • Pugin essentially did all of the ornamental work on the interior · Houses of Parliament, London, 1835-1860 (Ingersoll 663; I/K 653) A. W. N. Pugin and Charles Barry o • An extraordinarily complex plan, Axis in the center but mainly asymmetric
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- Spring '17
- Jeffrey Ochsner