-the community is understood to mean as “ elements that are mobilized and energized tohelp authorities in effectively addressing the law and order concern of the citizenry.” The responsibilities of the community in relation to Law EnforcementAs one of the pillars or component of the Criminal Justice system, the community with itsmassive membership has vital responsibilities in law enforcement.The citizens can achieve these roles: a.identifying offenders;
b.giving data about the illegal activities and cohorts of the criminals, and the proliferation oforganized crimes and syndicates;c.volunteering as witnesses;d.adopting precautionary and remedial measures to diminish crime.As had been pointed out, crime prevention is not the sole responsibility of the police but isequally the concern of every citizen in order to have a peaceful place to live in.[ Examples of Community participation in the Administration of Criminal Justice in oursetting a.They are the following:1. The growing interest in the rights and welfare of the victim as shown by thegovernment with the cooperation of community leaders. Accordingly, R.A. No.6981, otherwise known as the “Witness protection and Security Act” waspassed and approved on April 24, 1991.This is to encourage the citizenry to participate in the Criminal Justice System by helpingthe government and The community in dealing with crime and criminals.The Creation of Police-Community RelationsR.A. 6975, created this unit in order to implement plans and programs that will promotecommunity and citizens’ participation in the maintenance of peace and order andpublic safety. It was created to establish harmonious relationship between thepolice and the citizen. The community involvement in the criminal justice systemis necessary to show its problems and encourage action for the solution thereof.It is clear that the police and the citizens need each other to combat anderadicate criminality.HOW CAN POLICE-COMMUNITY RELATIONS BE ACHIEVED?This can be done through: a.Constant dialogues between seminars to acquaint the barangay tanods and the policeaides of their duties and responsibilities in the performance of their functions in thecommunity;b.The police must follow the rule of law on dealing with the citizens by performing theirduties in a humble and efficient manner and by showing the public goodwill KATARUNGANG PAMBARANGAY (VILLAGE JUSTICE) BRIEF HISTORY OF THE KATARUNGANG PAMBARANGAY PD 1293 – the law “CREATING A KATARUNGANG PAMBARANGAY COMMISSION TO STUDYTHE FEASIBILITY OF RESOLVING DISPUTES AT THE BARANGAY LEVEL -promulgated on 27 January 1978 PD 1508 – the law “ESTABLISHING A SYSTEM OF AMICABLY SETTLING DISPUTES AT THEBARANGAY LEVEL RA 7160 – otherwise known as the “LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991-provides for the REVISED KATARUNGANG PAMBARANGAY LAW -enacted on 10 October 1991 Q & A: 1)What is LUPONG TAGAPAMAYAPA?
It is a body of men created to settle disputes within the barangay level. It is also referredto as the LUPON.