If women are at home caring for children they will assume other domestic duties

If women are at home caring for children they will

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If women are at home caring for children, they will assume other domestic duties as well. In contrast, men’s biology better suits them for the roles of economic provider and protector of the family. 15
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Let’s think about it… Do you agree with the functional explanation of gender role differentiation? 16 Sex and Gender: Fixed or Changeable ?
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2.2 Critiques on Functionalism Functionalism emphasizes social equilibrium; however, it’s difficult to give response to various forms of family and rapid social changes towards egalitarian Functionalism has been used as a justification for male dominance and gender stratification. Functionalist see gender differences as natural phenomena deriving from human biology. Portraying masculinity and femininity as natural. This line of thinking has confused gender with sex and suggest immutability. The fact is that gender is quite amenable to change. What constitute masculinity and femininity varies tremendously throughout history and across cultures. 17
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Examples in primitive tribes war time experience Nowadays society 18
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3. Conflict Theory ( by Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels ) 19 Karl Marx Friedrich Engels
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3.1 Introducing Conflict Theory It is a Macro-sociological perspective. It assumes that society is in a stage in which struggles for power and dominance are acted out. For example, struggling and competing for scare resources and control over the means of production. Society is a struggle for dominance among social groups (like women versus men) that compete for scarce resources. 20
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3.1 Introducing Conflict Theory The interest of the dominant class (capitalist) is to maintain its position of power over the subordinate class (proletarian). Class relation is a relation of exploitation . And ideology is used to legitimize dominance of the ruling class. (sexism as one of these ideologies.) Modern conflict theory asserts that conflict is not simply based on class struggle, but also includes parents and children, husbands and wives, young and adult, sick and healthy, heterosexual and homosexual , males and females. 21
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3.2 Critiques on Conflict Theory Over-emphasizing the economic basis of inequality . Enhancing women participation in paid employment cannot help to overcome male dominance in the society. Its assumption is that there is an inevitable competition between family members puts forward an antagonistic view between the two sexes. It tends to dismiss the consensus among wives and husbands regarding task allocation.
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