UN UNDP UNHCR UNICEF YEP YPEER Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat Somaliland

Un undp unhcr unicef yep ypeer regional mixed

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UN UNDP UNHCR UNICEF YEP YPEER Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat Somaliland Business Fund Somaliland Development Fund Somalia Private Sector Development Re-Engagement Project Somaliland National Youth Organization Special Protection Unit Transitions Initiatives for Stabilization Technical and Vocational Education and Training The United Nations United Nations Development Programme United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees United Nations Children’s Fund Youth Education Pack Youth Peer Education Network
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1. I NTRODUCTION : NEXUS AND DISCONNECTS A. R ESEARCH O BJECTIVES This research is the first comprehensive study of Somaliland and Puntland’s youth migration and its linkages to livelihood opportunities. Before any youth-specific programming can commence, it is critical to understand the current employment and income generation prospects for youth and the weight of livelihood opportunities on migration patterns of youth in those two regions. Samuel Hall was commissioned by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to conduct a Youth, Employment and Migration in Somaliland and Puntland study to inform youth-specific programming in urban centres. In fact, insufficient economic growth is regarded as a fundamental barrier to tackle youth underemployment and unemployment in Somalia. In turn, a lack of adequate skills available in Somalia’s labour markets is considered as major hindrance to economic growth. While migrants’ remittances can actually reinvigorate development, the lack of job opportunities on local labour markets for the large number of well-educated youth migrants (high school and university graduates) can lead to a substantial brain drain from Somaliland and Puntland. Available data draw a bleak picture of the economic and employment situation for Somali youth and do not lead to a great deal of optimism: the ILO Labour Force Survey Somaliland 2012 points to a very low labour force participation rate of the youth, 3 with 30% for males and about 20% for females in both urban and rural areas. 4 Likewise, the 2012 UNDP Somalia Human Development Report 5 highlights similar challenges with a 70% unemployment rate 6 for young people aged 14 to 29 in the three regions of South Central, Somaliland, and Puntland — with female unemployment rates at 74%, compared to 61% for men. Through the Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs) of the New Deal and as spelled out in the UN Youth Programme Framework, stakeholders have acknowledged this reality and pledged for youth interventions to support the Compact (2014-2016). A focus on access to employment for youth is a priority under PSG 4. Likewise the Somaliland Special Arrangement (SSA) prioritises the generation of employment, through the development of vocational and technical training, and a special business fund for young entrepreneurs 7 .
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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