It can have a negative effect on the counseling process for example when a

It can have a negative effect on the counseling

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It can have a negative effect on the counseling process, for example when a client misreads the confrontation and feels attacked or rejected by the counselor. Purpose: To help clients clearly and accurately understanding themselves and the world around them. 7. Concreteness: Description: Helping clients discuss themselves in specific terms. Clients can feel overwhelmed with their problems and have difficulty putting things into perspective. When this occurs, concreteness can help the counselor create a focus for the client in the counseling process. Purpose: To help clients focus on pertinent issues 8. Self-disclosure: Description: Making the self-known to others Two types of self-disclosure statements: o Self- disclosing: Counselors disclose factual information about themselves. o Self-involving: Counselors describe what they are experiencing in relation to the client in the counseling process. Purpose: To promote increasing counseling, relevant communication from the client; enhancing the client's evaluation of the counselor; and Increasing the client's willingness to seek counseling. b. Social Influence Model: Emphasizes the importance of counselor-offered conditions in the counseling process. It has two stages. They are:  The first stage, the counselor attempts to be perceived by the client as expert, attractive, and trustworthy. When this occurs, the counselor establishes a power base.  In the second stage, the counselor uses the power base to exert positive influence on the client within counseling process.  Counselors tended to be perceived as expert when they had objective evidence of training and utilized prestigious cues such as consistent, and responsive nonverbal behaviour such as touch, smiling, and body leans; and used narrative analogies and empathic responses.  Counselors were perceived as attractive when they had objective evidence of training; and were self-disclosing.  Counselors appeared more trustworthy when they used credible introductions and reputational cues; responsive nonverbal behavior; and verbal and nonverbal cues associated with confidentiality. Once counselors establish a power base by appearing expert, attractive, and trustworthy, they can exert a positive influence on the client. ii. Counselor-and-Client offered Conditions: The working alliance is another concept that can be used to describe the counseling relationship. It goes beyond focusing on counseloroffered conditions and includes counselor- and client-offered conditions. The working alliance have composed of three parts. They are:  agreement between the counselor and client in terms of the goals of counseling  agreement between the counselor and client in terms of the tasks of counseling  emotional bond between the counselor and client. The strength of the
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working alliance depends on the degree of agreement relating to goals and tasks of counseling and the level of emotional attachment between the counselor and client.
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  • Spring '17
  • Jane Smith
  • counselor

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