Response Feedback: The research purpose is generated from the problem and identifies the specific focus or aim of the study. The focus of the study might be to identify, describe, explain, or predict a solution to a situation. The purpose often indicates the type of study to be conducted (descriptive, correlational, quasi-experimental, or experimental) and usually includes the variables, population, and setting for the study.p. 48Question 11 Researchers who select a quantitative design for their study want toAnswers: a. generate a new theory.b. provide a framework for studying cultures.c.
determine the strength of the relationship between the independent and dependent variable.Response Feedback:p 37Question 12 A researcher studies the effect upon dental caries formation of a year-long regimen of daily rinsing with a particularly noxious-flavored oral solution, only to discover than 285 of the 300 subjects in the study have withdrawn from it by the end of the first month. Which step in the research process was not properly undertaken?Answers: a. Conducting the literature reviewb. Defining the purposec. Performing a pilot studyd. Selecting study variablesResponse Feedback: A pilot study is commonly defined as a smaller version of a proposed study conducted to refine the methodology. It is developed much like the proposed study, using similar subjects, the same setting, the same treatment, and the same data collection and analysis techniques. Some of the reasons for conducting pilot studies are to determine feasibility, to develop a treatment or intervention, to develop an implementation protocol, to identify problems with the design, to evaluate the sampling method, to examine instrument reliability or validity, to refine
instruments, to refine plans for data collection and analysis, to provide research experience, and to evaluate data analysis techniques.p. 54Question 13 Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between research and practice?Answers: a. Research knowledge, combined with experiential wisdom, constitutes the base for practice.b. Practice limits nursing research to issues that are patient-centered.c. Practice does not affect research, but research affects practice.Response Feedback:p. 11Question 14 A researcher conducts a study to determine the effectiveness of a special program of sensitivity training for nurse managers upon several outcomes, all related to the staff’s ability to identify and intervene appropriately when medication errors occur. This is an example of what type of quantitative research?Answers: a.
Basic researchb. Applied researchc. Descriptive researchd. Qualitative researchResponse Feedback: Applied, or practical, research is a scientific investigation conducted to generate knowledge that will directly influence or improve clinical practice. The purpose of applied research is to solve problems, to make decisions, or to predict or control outcomes. Basic, or pure, research is a scientific investigation that involves the “pursuit of knowledge for knowledge’s sake,” or for the pleasure of learning and finding truth. The
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, researcher