1.What must the person critically appraising a qualitative research report possess as prerequisites, in order to begin the process? (Select all that apply.) a.Experience in performing qualitative data collection or analysisb.An empathic point of view toward the participants’ perspectives and reported experiencesc.A basic knowledge of different philosophical perspectivesd.The willingness to learn about the philosophical perspective supporting the study, in order to apply the standards of rigor that are consistent with that perspectivee.Previous experience in critically appraising qualitative researchANS:B, C, DPrerequisites of philosophical foundation, type of qualitative study, and openness to study participants direct the implementation of the following guidelines for critically appraising qualitative studies. Without an appreciation for the philosophical perspective supporting the study being critically appraised, the appraiser may not appropriately apply the standards of rigor consistent with that perspective. A basic knowledge of different qualitative approaches is as essential for appraisal of qualitative studies as knowledge of quantitative research designs is for appraising quantitative studies. Appreciating philosophical perspectives and knowing qualitative approaches are both superficial, however, without empathy for the participant’s perspective. Empathy createsan openness to knowing a participant within a naturalistic holistic framework. One does not need experience in performing qualitative data collection or analysis, nor does one need to have previous experience in critically appraising qualitative research in order to perform this: one must start somewhere. DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: Page 463 2.Why is identifying the steps of the research process the first step in the critical appraisal process for quantitative research? (Select all that apply.)
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, researcher, Cognitive Level