Lecture 12 Socialization.pdf

A culturally and socially acquired way of thinking

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A culturally and socially acquired way of thinking and moving, that is expressed differently in different classes Bourdieu is trying to avoid structural determinism and too much agency (totally free will) Our habitus reflects class position but it isn't determined by it Since we have multiple identities, each shaped by a different past, we can actually change structures and norms Structure and Agency Any social space includes many fields What happens to us depends on how our habitus fits the fields we are entering E.g., home, school, workplace Fields Habitus Lareau interviewed the same 12 families when the children were young adults Middle class kids had the cultural capital (knowledge of rules of the game) and habitus that fit the educational field - the parents "knew the ropes" Ex. Tara Carroll Working-class kids lacked the cultural knowledge that would get them over "bumps in the road" Lareau: Habitus and Fields Sometimes socialization is fragmented or disorganized - too many subcultures? Argues that in absence of a strong dominant culture & processes that socialize us into that culture, a heterogenous set of food cultures emerges - or lawlessness & confusion His recommendation: Eat (real) food, mostly plants & not too much Why can the French get away with red wine & cheese (against American food "rules" orthodoxy)? Pollan America's National Eating Disorder Social Class & Socioeconomic Status Cultural Capital & Social Capital Social Reproduction Concerted Cultivation vs. Natural Growth Habitus Key Concepts in Review Lectures Page 4
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Habitus Structure & Agency Embodiment "Logic of Practice" or "Feel for the Game" Lack of Socialization/Habitus America's "Eating Disorder" Lectures Page 5
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