The commonality among these three religions are all

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these three religions are all in fact as part of revelations from God. Moses stands as the benefactor of God’s revelation at Mt. Sinai, Jesus, the son of God, has already lived, died, rose again and waits for his time to return in Heaven. Muhammad is perhaps the last in chronological order of the three to obtain his revelation from God. H. Patrick Glenn, Legal Traditions of the World 181 (5th ed. 2014). At this time, written law has not fully replaced chthonic practices, but is deeply rooted in the surrounding areas. God’s revelation to Muhammad, over the span of 23 years, was written down and was later called the Koran. This recording of Muhammad’s revelation from God serves as the foundational source of Islamic Law. Much like the framework of Talmudic law, Islamic law consists of an up-side-down pyramid of legal sources. The Koran represents the point which supports the much wider base of the pyramid. Because the Koran is not an all-encompassing document which provides interpretations and answers for all social interactions, the necessity of further interpretations was required in order to maintain Islamic law, and identity. The entire pyramid of sources is known as Shari’a law. This includes the Koran, and in some occasions the Sunna, a document that shows the traditional social and legal custom and practice of the Islamic community. Khaled Abou El Fadl, The Islamic Legal Tradition: A Comparative Law Perspective., 12 (2007). In addition, the Ibadat, concerning Islamic rituals and concerns itself with only religious practices, and Mu’amalat, which associates transactions that are incorporating other legal systems. The Koran does not contain enough legal provisions to be considered a fully operational legal code, with only 3% is said to contain legal provisions. GamalMoursi Badr, Islamic Law: Its Relation to Other Legal Systems,26 Am. J. Comp. L. 187, 188 (1978). Given the lack of legal gratification found in the Koran the Ibadat and Mu’amalat, provide the legal and moral structure to enable Islamic Law to reign effective in its respective Islamic communities. There are a number of Islamic schools that enforce the study of Islamic law, and much like Universities in America, each has its own message and interpretation of the
Civil and Islamic Legal TraditionsPage 5material which leads to drastic differences in understanding and practice. Islamic jurists and Imams are responsible for carrying out necessary provision for enforcing Islamic law. Islamic law is not necessarily a written law. The abstract writing of Islamic texts does not enable the law to be carried out in a manner as elaborate or efficiently as civil law. Perhaps this may be a result of the timeframe of which Islamic law was developed. At the time of Muhammad, Roman civil law had already reached its peak of development. Id.at 190. Perhaps it was the ineffective role of civil law that served as motivation behind Islamic teaching that reduced the process of codification and enforced the strict adherence and loose interpretation of God’s revelation.

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