States and France reshaped the global balance of power by saddling Germany with

States and france reshaped the global balance of

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States and France reshaped the global balance of power by saddling Germany with responsibility for the war. Germany's military was reduced to crippling levels, its economy was now faced with reparations payments and had its overseas colonies seized. Germany's allies, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire, which dominated Eastern Europe and parts of Asia, ceased to exist entirely due to the United States' calls for self-determination. In the Far East and the Pacific, Japan benefitted from taking possession of German territories as a reward for allying with the victors, gaining even more power and influencein Asia.Between 1919 and 1939 there were dramatic changes in the global balance of power at the height of the war of ideologies between totalitarianism and democracy as well as capitalism and socialism. Initially, Britain, United States andFrance continued to dominate affairs. However, pessimism after the First World War combined with the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression it caused afterwards led to repeated crises for the capitalist democratic governments of the West. These crises led to the rise of Italy and Germany's totalitarian governments headed by Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. Additionally, Vladimir Lenin and Josef Stalin's success at establishing the communist Soviet Union, led to the rapid spread of communism beyond Soviet borders. World War II was essentially the struggle of the western capitalist

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