A Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila in 1892, whose
primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution. Led by Emilio Aguinaldo
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the
independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by
the United States Army in 1901.
This was the term for helping the Philippines move into the mainstream of modern society. McKinley
and the U.S. were trying to assimilate the Philippines to better their lot in life. American dollars went
to the Philippines to improve roads, sanitation, and public health. Although the U.S. might have
looked intrusive, they were actually trying to improve the condition of the Philippines.
It says the only thing the US could do is take them and convert them to Christianity
- December to February
--> US and Philippines relationship was tense until fights break out in 1899
--> fights break out right before the treaty of Filipino Annexation is ratified in the Senate
- US argues that Philippines are "savage children"
White Man's Burden
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less
The Strenuous Life
A phrase coined by Theodore Roosevelt to describe his ideal of a vigorous, athletic new approach
to life at the turn of the century.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Diplomatic policy developed by T.R where the "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use
military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and
was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy.
(TR) 1915, The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from
the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build
the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The
new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal.
-strengthened the navy
-made trade easier
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to
protect its economic interests in South and Central America by using military force
Platt Amendment (1901)
an amendment added to Cuba's constitution by the Cuba government, after pressure from the
United States; it provided that Cuba would make no treaties that compromised its independence or