It is argued that information and sensitive data are more secure at the senior

It is argued that information and sensitive data are

This preview shows page 33 - 35 out of 43 pages.

It is argued that information and sensitive data are more secure at the senior level under the distributed command centre system. Gathering the very senior levels of each agency only during large-scale emergencies was observed to be safe, efficient and effective. To prevent any drawbacks caused by the lack of communication between the Government agencies, parts of Smart Nation initiative are to encourage active cooperation, and to focus on cross-cutting technology, infrastructure and policies. The Smart Nation Programme Office that lies directly under the Prime Minister’s Office of Singapore has been set up to act as a coordinating body. Smart sensors within the communication and sensor network are shared, allowing different agencies to make different uses of collected information. For example, CCTVs deployed can collect information on traffic flow. Motoring, detect any road incidents for prompt response, or act as surveillance camera to enhance citizen urban security. Statutory bodies, also can be understood as implementing agencies such as LTA, under the
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ministries of the Singapore are more or less equal in terms of their level of authority. At the time of the emergency, when a national-level issue is raised, decision-making and commands are given (usually) by either the Ministry of Home Affairs or the country Military force. All funding related to Smart Nation Vision are provided by the Singaporean Government. So far, no external funding was exploited. The Government has not allocated specific budget for the Smart Nation Vision, but the cost of initiatives are embedded in each agencies. Just like any other projects, if an agency is to set off a new smart city initiative, a funding proposal is required to be submitted to the Ministry of Finance for an assessment. Governmental agencies such as LTA, SPF, URA, SCDF, PUB, etc. have their own Key Performance Indicators (KPI) that are reviewed periodically. Although specific KPIs are not open to the general public, Singapore Government regularly publishes Singapore Public Sector Outcomes Review, known as SPOR. The biennial SPOR, which is open for public, takes stock of how Singapore has undertaken in key areas of national interest. Coordinated by the Ministry of Finance, with inputs from all Ministries, SPOR divided into five chapters, giving overview of the followings 1 : 1) A nation of opportunity i) Quality economic growth ii) Work and education opportunities 1 Please see attached annex to find indicators for each chapters 2) A caring and cohesive society i) Population policies ii) Affordable healthcare iii) Aging population iv) Community 3) A city to call home i) Public housing ii) Social spaces iii) Environment 4) A safe, secure and credible Singapore i) Nation security ii) Home safety 5) An effective and trusted Government i) Governance ii) Public service iii) Fiscal system SPOR is an overview of the city-nation. Individual implementing agencies seek to measure their own performances in both quantitative and qualitative terms. Basic statistical figures are summarized in the annual reports. For example, SCDF will have basic statistics on the number of fire responses. In 2013, SCDF responded to more than 4,000 fires, which is a decrease of 7.8% of cases 2012. 2013 recorded the lowest annual
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