nguphap_ta_0353

John had lived in new york for ten years before he

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John had lived in New York for ten years before he moved to VN. 3.2.4 Past Perfect Progressive (th i quá kh hoàn thành ti ế p di n): Ch ñố i v i các hành ñộ ng thu c nhóm (2) c a th i quá kh hoàn thành ta m i có th dùng th i quá kh hoàn thành ti ế p di n, v i ý ngh ĩ a c a câu không thay ñổ i. John had been living in New York for ten years before he moved to VN. L ư u ý: Th i này ngày nay ít dùng, ng ườ i ta thay th ế nó b ng Past Perfect và ch dùng khi nào c n ñ i n ñạ t tính chính xác c a hành ñộ ng. 3.3 Future tenses (các th i t ươ ng lai) 3.3.1 Simple Future (th i t ươ ng lai th ườ ng): Ngày nay ng pháp hi n ñạ i, ñặ c bi t là ng pháp M ĩ ch p nh n vi c dùng will cho t t c các ngôi, còn shall ch dùng v i các ngôi I, we trong m t s tr ườ ng h p nh ư sau: · ðư a ra ñề ngh m t cách l ch s : Shall I take you coat? · Dùng ñể m i ng ườ i khác m t cách l ch s : Shall we go out for lunch? · Dùng ñể ngã giá trong khi m c c , mua bán: Shall we say : $ 50 · Th ườ ng ñượ c dùng v i 1 v ă n b n mang tính pháp qui bu c các bên ph i thi hành ñ i u kho n trong v ă n b n: All the students shall be responsible for proper execution of the dorm rule. Trong ti ế ng Anh bình dân , ng ườ i ta thay shall = must d ng câu này. Nó dùng ñể di n ñạ t m t hành ñộ ng s x y ra m t th i ñ i m nh t ñị nh trong t ươ ng lai nh ư ng không xác ñị nh c th . Th ườ ng dùng v i m t s phó t ch th i gian nh ư tomorrow, next + time, in the future, in future, from now on.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 18 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng 3.3.2 Near Future (t ươ ng lai g n): Di n ñạ t m t hành ñộ ng s x y ra trong t ươ ng lai g n, th ườ ng dùng v i các phó t d ướ i d ng: In a moment (lát n a), at 2 o'clock this afternoon .... We are going to have a reception in a moment Nó ch 1 vi c ch c ch n s ph i x y ra theo nh ư d tính cho dù th i gian là t ươ ng lai xa. We are going to take a TOEFL test next year. Ngày nay ng ườ i ta th ườ ng dùng present progressive. 3.3.3 Future Progressive (th i t ươ ng lai ti ế p di n): · Dùng ñể di n ñạ t m t hành ñộ ng s x y ra vào m t th i ñ i m nh t ñị nh trong t ươ ng lai.
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