Section 43 Ideology Policymaking and American Federalism Mentor Note In the

Section 43 ideology policymaking and american

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Section 4.3- Ideology, Policymaking, and American Federalism Mentor Note: In the section “National Intervention in State Functions,” you learn a few ways the national government encroaches on state powers. A good example of this was during the shift in American federalism from cooperative federalism to coercive federalism during the late 1970s. Coercive federalism involves a powerful, centralized government where the federal government can pressure the states to change their policies. In many cases the federal government will withhold federal funding through the use of mandates, regulations, orders, or conditions. Answer the following questions: 1. Describe the differences between coercive federalism and cooperative federalism. with cooperative federalism, there was no oversight or accountability of the funding each state received. States just got the money and didn’t have to follow any laws. No strings attached. With coercive federalism states were forced to follow the federal laws in order to receive the money 2. Circle, highlight, or check the statement best describes how the relationship between the national and states government has changed over time: Page 14 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution Power can move from states to the federal government, and federal government to the states, depending on factors like national crises, judicial decisions, and negotiations over money/resources. Congress has been less likely to use the Necessary and Proper Clause to expand its power relative to the states, and strictly adheres to its enumerated powers. American federalism has been very rigid, and is unlikely to be changed by internal or external sources. We are seeing recent trends that show the national and state governments are refusing to share or overlap powers, as was seen under dual federalism. Section 4.4- Federalism and Electoral Politics Mentor Note: Candidates for public office often gain experience at the state level (state legislature, governor) before running for a position in the national government (U.S. House or Senate, for example). Supplemental Resource: Conflicts in Federalism video For a closer look at how Federalism functions in the United States, watch “ Conflicts in Federalism .” This video was created by one of the course mentors. The transcript for this video can be accessed here: Conflicts in Federalism Transcript . For additional practice, you can also complete the Conflicts in Federalism Knowledge Check to assess your learning. For additional information, please attend one of our live cohort sessions. If you feel you still need assistance, please contact the course mentor. __________________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 5: Public Opinion and Political Socialization ________________________________________________________________________________ Section 5.1- Public Opinion and the Models of Democracy Answer the following questions: Majoritarianism and Pluralism disagree on the role of public opinion.
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