we can have slow release iron in tablet form one pill could give about 47mg

We can have slow release iron in tablet form one pill

This preview shows page 5 - 7 out of 10 pages.

- we can have slow release iron in tablet form : one pill could give about 47mg (about double of what is necessary for a daily value) - many health issues related to iron : - iron deficiency anemia - hemochromatosis (genetic) : the body absorbs abnormal amounts of iron ; can be exacerbated by cooking large amounts of food in iron pots ; stored in the heart, liver, pancreas and joints - has other features that can be problematic to some individuals : porphyria is an inherited condition that was initially explained by Felix Hoppe-Seyler in 1871 - individuals with this disorder have too much of porphyrin ring system in the body - this can affect the nervous system and/or the skin -> it causes reddish skin and excessive hair Zinc - elemental zinc is a metallic material whereas ionic zinc is a white crystalline powder - Aspergillus Niger noted in 1869 that zinc levels are important - total amount of zinc in our body : 0.003% of body weight - about 20% of the population is estimated to lack enough zinc in their diet - mortality rates, suppresses dwarfism, important for growth purposes - health issues : - healing - small, anosmia (if a person doesn’t smell well) - taste - circulation -> Raynaud’s disease - one of the best sources = oysters ; nuts ; meat is a lesser source (7mg/100g) - daily requirements : ~10mg per day - fiber and protein materials capture zinc and run it out of the body before it can be absorbed - there are about 300 known enzymes that deal with zinc (alcohol dehydrogenase, RNA polymerase, t-RNA synthetase…) ; insulin is one of the main enzymes that requires zinc - it is possible to get the concentration of zinc with a hair sample (not possible for vitamins !) Selenium - in the form of selenite, which is an oxidised form (SeO3)2- - the element is situated below oxygen, they have somewhat similar properties - present in onions - 55 micrograms is ~ the daily requirement - functions as an antioxidant that works with vitamin E - also part of the structures of glutathione peroxidase that protects cells against oxidative damage - found in seaweed, brazil nuts (#1), tuna, garlic, onions (selenium contributes to their odour) - Hippocrates talked about garlic « caused flatulence, a feeling of warmth on the chest and a heavy sensation in the head » - China produces about 75% of all the garlic in the world - about 12 million metric tons are produced globally for sales and distribution Calcium - located below magnesium ; some similar kinds of properties - 99% of it is used in our bones and teeth => it constitutes about 1kg of an average person ; 1% is necessary for nerve transmission and blood clotting - in 1883, Dr Sydney Ringer determined the body needs calcium for nerve impulses to function 5
Image of page 5
- the intake varies enormously : recommended amounts vary depending on the country - many women present osteoporosis - nutritional status of elite swimmers : individuals who are training and taking a lot of calories were recommended to take 270mg (instead of normally 100mg) ; for the women it is 118 (1.2 times more than the daily allowance) - if we have an intake of 1250, we increase the balance of only
Image of page 6
Image of page 7

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 10 pages?

  • Spring '11
  • Multiple
  • Sodium, Sodium chloride, Hip fracture

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes